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date: 20 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

There is an extensive literature linking clusters to innovation, through the mechanism of knowledge spillovers. This chapter argues that, in order for such innovation dynamics and knowledge spillovers to evolve, there must be a “cluster commons,” where individuals, firms, and organizations can exchange information, interact, and initiate collaboration. A well functioning commons is not an automatic or natural phenomenon. Instead, clusters are typically characterized by considerable gaps between firms and between firms and related organizations, both within the cluster and to outside markets and clusters. Bridging the seven cluster gaps through a commons involves construction by both invisible and visible hands. The chapter sets out to develop the concept of the cluster commons and shows how it can be constructed and kept, in order to avoid the tragedy of the commons.

Keywords: cluster, commons, construct, collaboration, innovation, cluster gaps

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