- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
In the past decade, we have learned quite a bit about the “social brain” by examining the neural correlates of social interactions. This chapter reviews three key neural systems that seem to underpin many of these interactions: those involved in reward-related processing, those involved in processing painful experience, and those used to mentalize or understand the minds of others. Many studies examining social pleasures—such as receiving positive feedback, being treated fairly by others, and cooperating with others—indicate that such pleasures may rely in part on neural regions that process basic reward experience. Other work shows that social pains—such as being treated unfairly, being rejected, or losing a loved one—rely on neural regions involved in processing physical pain. Many of these socioemotional experiences rely critically on neural regions involved in mentalizing. The chapter concludes with a review of work exploring social attachment and love, experiences that seem to rely in part on neural regions involved in both pleasure and pain. Taken together, the studies discussed here provide a general sense of the landscape of the rich and developing literature on the cognitive neuroscience of social interactions.
Keywords: social interactions, functional magnetic resonance imaging, social cognitive neuroscience, pain, pleasure, mentalizing, ventral striatum, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula, medial prefrontal cortex
Naomi I. Eisenberger, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Keely A. Muscatell, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
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