- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
People rapidly form evaluative impressions of other people from minimal information. In the last decade, many cognitive neuroscience studies have explored the neural underpinnings of how impressions of other people, or person impressions, are made. This chapter reviews studies on the forming of impressions from facial appearance and from behavioral information. Across studies on impressions made from facial appearance, the most consistently activated brain regions include the amygdala, nucleus accumbens, medial orbitofrontal cortex, medial prefrontal cortex (PFC), and pregenual anterior cingulate cortex. Across studies on impressions made from behavioral information, the most consistently activated region is the dorsomedial PFC. Several studies have also identified the amygdala and ventromedial PFC as being critical in the updating of person impressions. The chapter concludes with a discussion of outstanding questions regarding the neural basis of forming impressions.
Alexander T. Todorov is a professor in the Departments of Neurology and Psychology at Princeton University in Princeton, NJ.
Peter Mende-Siedlecki is a professor in the Department of Psychology at Princeton University in Princeton, NJ.
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