- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
Having an understanding of ourselves has been a fundamental topic for psychologists, philosophers, and laypeople alike since the beginnings of consciousness. Whether one’s own sense of self has any special neurocognitive status has been hotly debated. This chapter reviews neuropsychological and neuroimaging evidence that argues for the special status of self-knowledge in memory. The contributing roles to self-knowledge of central nodes in the brain’s default mode network of regions are also discussed. This review argues that these nodes may be functionally dissociated along multiple lines, with an important dissociation concerning the representation of psychological characteristics and the representation of physical characteristics. It is also argued that the medial prefrontal cortex, a critical node in the default mode network, enjoys anatomical and functional connectivity that together suggest a role for it in delineating the world into “me” and “not me.” The chapter concludes with suggested lines of future inquiry that might provide more direct evidence of this role.
Joseph M. Moran, Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
William M. Kelley, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
Todd F. Heatherton, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH
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