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date: 06 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Cognitive control refers to the ability of humans and other primates to internally guide behavior in concert with goals, plans, and broader contextual knowledge. However, in everyday life, we often must manage multiple goals at once over different time scales and at different levels of abstraction with respect to an overt response. Recent cognitive neuroscience research has suggested that cognitive control processing in the frontal lobes of the brain may be hierarchically organized along their rostrocaudal axis in order to deal with this problem. This chapter provides a brief overview of current research on hierarchical cognitive control and how this function may emerge from the functional organization of the frontal lobes.

Keywords: cognitive control, executive function, prefrontal cortex, learning and generalization, planning

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