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date: 12 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872), Charles Darwin argued that emotions (as states of mind) cause stereotypic expressions in the face and body. Instead of offering a theoretical model of emotion, however, Darwin wrote about emotion in a teleological fashion to support his argument that humans have a common ancestry with other mammals. This chapter examines the concept of “emotion generation” and whether it is supported by cognitive neuroscience evidence as it exists within the natural kind model of emotion. It reviews several recent meta-analyses of the neuroimaging literature on emotion that investigated the link between brain regions and discrete emotion categories. It also discusses the concept of “emotion construction” and how it is supported by the cognitive neuroscience evidence as it exists within a psychological construction approach to emotion. Moreover, it presents meta-analytic evidence showing that emotions can be decomposed into more basic neural networks corresponding to a set of hypothesized psychological ingredients. The chapter concludes by considering what a psychological construction approach can offer to the cognitive neuroscience study of emotion.

Keywords: Charles Darwin, emotion, cognitive neuroscience, emotion generation, neuroimaging, brain regions, emotion construction, neural networks, psychological construction approach

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