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date: 16 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Adolescence can be seen as a period of pronounced cognitive advancements accompanied by significant changes in emotional and social behavior. Adolescents become more self-conscious and more focused on their social behavior and emotions. Recent studies have explored these changes in terms of brain maturation, brain function, and cognitive, emotional, and social development. This chapter examines the development of emotion and social reasoning in adolescence and how it is mediated by functionally different brain networks. It looks at brain maturation vis-à-vis developmental changes in reward processing, risk-taking, and social reasoning and proposes a working hypothesis that integrates neuroimaging data with behavioral studies. It also discusses use of the Ultimatum Game to probe social decision-making processes, along with the role of the insula, temporaparietal junction, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the development of emotion processing and social reasoning in adolescents.

Keywords: emotion, social reasoning, adolescence, brain maturation, reward processing, risk-taking, Ultimatum Game, insula, temporaparietal junction, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

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