- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Now?
- Salience, State, and Expression: The Influence of Specific Aspects of Emotion on Attention and Perception
- Emotion: Generation or Construction?
- The Neuroscience of Emotion Regulation: Basic Mechanisms and Their Role in Development, Aging, and Psychopathology
- The Impact of Emotion on Cognition
- Genetics and Emotion
- Visceromotor Sensation and Control
- Development of Emotion and Social Reasoning in Adolescence
- Perception of Nonverbal Cues
- Face Recognition
- The Cognitive and Neural Basis of Impression Formation
- Theory of Mind: How Brains Think about Thoughts
- The Pleasures and Pains of Social Interactions: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neural Underpinnings of the Experience of Empathy: Lessons for Psychopathy
- Mirror Neurons and the Perception–Action Link
- The Early Development of the Brain Bases for Social Cognition
- Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control
- Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Functional Organization of the Frontal Cortex
- Decision Neuroscience
- Expectancies and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Numerical Cognition
- Psychopharmacology of Cognition
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia Considered from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective
- The Neurobiology of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
Over the past two decades, cognitive neuroscientists have begun to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying number processing using cutting-edge neuroimaging methods. These investigations have allowed researchers to map out brain regions that appear to be fundamental to our ability to represent and process numerical magnitude. They have addressed questions concerning the overlap between the processing of numerical and non-numerical magnitude, and the relationship between processing numerical magnitude and numerical order. Moreover, questions regarding the shared and dissociated neuronal correlates of symbolic (e.g., Arabic numerals) and nonsymbolic (e.g. arrays of dots) number processing have received much attention. Beyond these investigations, studies have also been conducted to map out the correlates of the typical and atypical development of number processing. This chapter provides an overview of these developments and critically discusses some of the key questions that are the focus of current research in the cognitive neuroscience of numerical cognition. The chapter concludes with a discussion of some of the open questions in this relatively new subdiscipline of cognitive neuroscience.
Daniel Ansari, Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Stephan E. Vogel, Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
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