- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience—Where Are We Now?
- Representation of Objects
- Representation of Spatial Relations
- Top-Down Effects in Visual Perception
- Neural Underpinning of Object Mental Imagery, Spatial Imagery, and Motor Imagery
- Looking at the Nose Through Human Behavior, and at Human Behavior Through the Nose
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Music
- Neural Correlates of the Development of Speech Perception and Comprehension
- Perceptual Disorders
- Varieties of Auditory Attention
- Spatial Attention
- Attention and Action
- Visual Control of Action
- Development of Attention
- Attentional Disorders
- Semantic Memory
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Episodic Memory
- Working Memory
- Motor Skill Learning
- Memory Consolidation
- Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory Contributions of the Prefrontal Cortex and Medial Temporal Lobes
- Memory Disorders
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Written Language: Neural Substrates of Reading and Writing
- Neural Systems Underlying Speech Perception
- Multimodal Speech Perception
- Organization of Conceptual Knowledge of Objects in the Human Brain
- A Parallel Architecture Model of Language Processing
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience—Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
One of the most provocative and exciting issues in cognitive science is how neural specificity for semantic categories of common objects arises in the functional architecture of the brain. Three decades of research on the neuropsychological phenomenon of category-specific semantic deficits has generated detailed claims about the organization and representation of conceptual knowledge. More recently, researchers have sought to test hypotheses developed on the basis of neuropsychological evidence with functional imaging. From those two fields, the empirical generalization emerges that object domain and sensory modality jointly constrain the organization of knowledge in the brain. At the same time, research within the embodied cognition framework has highlighted the need to articulate how information is communicated between the sensory and motor systems, and processes that represent and generalize abstract information. Those developments point toward a new approach for understanding category-specificity in terms of the coordinated influences of diverse regions and cognitive systems.
Bradford Z. Mahon, Departments of Neurosurgery and Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
Alfonso Caramazza is Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology at Harvard University.
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