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date: 07 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Following some introductory comments, this chapter describes the ways in which memory systems can be affected after an insult to the brain. The main focus is on people with nonprogressive brain injury, particularly traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, encephalitis, and hypoxia. References are provided for those readers interested in memory disorders following progressive conditions such as dementia. The chapter then considers recovery of memory function for people with nonprogressive memory deficits. This is followed by a section addressing the assessment of memory abilities, suggesting that both standardized and functional assessment procedures are required to identify an individual’s cognitive strengths and weaknesses and to plan for rehabilitation. The final part of the chapter addresses rehabilitation of memory functioning, including compensatory strategies, ways to improve new learning, the value of memory groups, and ways to reduce the emotional consequences of memory impairment.

Keywords: memory disorders, brain injury, memory function, memory systems

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