- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognitive Neuroscience—Where Are We Now?
- Representation of Objects
- Representation of Spatial Relations
- Top-Down Effects in Visual Perception
- Neural Underpinning of Object Mental Imagery, Spatial Imagery, and Motor Imagery
- Looking at the Nose Through Human Behavior, and at Human Behavior Through the Nose
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Music
- Neural Correlates of the Development of Speech Perception and Comprehension
- Perceptual Disorders
- Varieties of Auditory Attention
- Spatial Attention
- Attention and Action
- Visual Control of Action
- Development of Attention
- Attentional Disorders
- Semantic Memory
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Episodic Memory
- Working Memory
- Motor Skill Learning
- Memory Consolidation
- Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory Contributions of the Prefrontal Cortex and Medial Temporal Lobes
- Memory Disorders
- Cognitive Neuroscience of Written Language: Neural Substrates of Reading and Writing
- Neural Systems Underlying Speech Perception
- Multimodal Speech Perception
- Organization of Conceptual Knowledge of Objects in the Human Brain
- A Parallel Architecture Model of Language Processing
- Epilogue to The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience—Cognitive Neuroscience: Where Are We Going?
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the neural underpinnings of episodic memory, focusing on processes taking place during the experience itself, or encoding, and those involved in memory reactivation or retrieval at a later time point. It first looks at the neuropsychological case study of Henry Molaison to show how the medial temporal lobe (MTL) is linked to the formation of new episodic memories. It also assesses the critical role of the MTL in general and the hippocampus in particular in the encoding and retrieval of episodic memories. The chapter then describes the memory as reinstatement model, episodic memory retrieval, the use of functional neuroimaging as a tool to probe episodic memory, and the difference in memory paradigm. Furthermore, it discusses hippocampal activity during encoding and its connection to associative memory, activation of the hippocampus and cortex during episodic memory retrieval, and how hippocampal reactivation mediates cortical reactivation during memory retrieval.
Keywords: episodic memory, medial temporal lobe, Henry Molaison, memory retrieval, encoding, memory reactivation, hippocampus, memory as reinstatement model, functional neuroimaging, associative memory
Lila Davachi, Department of Psychology, Center for Neural Science, New York University
Jared Danker, Department of Psychology, New York University
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