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date: 22 August 2019

(p. ix) List of Contributors

(p. ix) List of Contributors

James Arthur is Deputy Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Staffing and Professor of Education and Civic Engagement at the University of Birmingham, UK. He is Director of the Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues at Birmingham and Honorary Secretary of the Society for Educational Studies. He coedited the Routledge International Handbook of Education, Religion and Values.

Veit Bader is Emeritus Professor of Sociology and of Social and Political Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He was part of two European FP7 projects, one on Religious Diversity and Models of Secularism in Europe and one on Tolerance, Pluralism, and Cohesion. He authored Democracy or Secularism? Associational Governance of Religious Diversity.

Amélie Barras is Assistant Professor in the Law and Society Program, Department of Social Science at York University, Canada. She also teaches in the Socio-Legal Studies Graduate Program and is a member of the Graduate Program in Gender, Feminist and Women’s Studies. She recently authored Refashioning Secularisms in France and Turkey: The Case of the Headscarf Ban.

Guy Ben-Porat is Associate Professor in the Department of Public Policy and Administration at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. He has authored Global Liberalism, Local Populism: Peace and Conflict in Israel/Palestine and Northern Ireland. His most recent book is Between State and Synagogue: The Secularization of Contemporary Israel.

Jacques Berlinerblau is Professor and Director of the Center for Jewish Civilization in the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington, DC. He frequently comments on secularism, politics, and higher education in popular media. He is the author of The Secular Bible: Why Nonbelievers Must Take Religion Seriously and How to Be Secular: A Call to Arms for Religious Freedom.

Joseph Blankholm is Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research focuses on secularism and atheism, primarily in the United States. He has published chapters and articles on secularist lobbying, religious indifference, and nonbeliever communities, and he is currently at work on a monograph about American secular activism.

Steve Bruce is Professor of Sociology at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He has authored numerous works on social and political theory. Among his books relating to secularism, he published God Is Dead: Secularization in the West; Politics and Religion in the United Kingdom; and Secularization: In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory.

(p. x) Paul Cliteur is a Dutch jurist and philosopher. He presently is Professor of Jurisprudence in the Law School of Leiden University in The Netherlands, where he directed the Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law for several years. He was previously a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Delft. He is the author of The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism.

Thomas J. Coleman III is a research psychology doctoral student in the Brain, Belief and Behaviour research group at Coventry University in the United Kingdom. He is an assistant editor for the journal Secularism & Nonreligion and a managing editor for The Religious Studies Project.

Caroline Mala Corbin is Professor of Law in the School of Law at the University of Miami, Florida. She litigated cases with the ACLU Reproductive Freedom Project. Her scholarship in numerous law reviews focuses on the First Amendment’s speech and establishment clauses and religious liberty. Her article “Nonbelievers and Government Religious Speech” was published in the Iowa Law Review.

Kaleda K. Denton is currently in the Ecology, Behavior and Evolution program at the University of California, Los Angeles. She has published encyclopedia entries on group selection, mutualism, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma as well as an article entitled “Rational and Emotional Sources of Moral Decision-Making: An Evolutionary-Developmental Account” in Evolutionary Psychological Science.

Shadia B. Drury is Professor Emeritus at the University of Regina in Saskatchewan, Canada. Her books include Leo Strauss and the American Right, Terror and Civilization: Christianity, Politics, and the Western Psyche, and Aquinas and Modernity: The Lost Promise of Natural Law.

Joachim Duyndam is Professor of Humanism and Philosophy at the University of Humanistic Studies in Utrecht, The Netherlands. He chairs the university’s research program on Humanist Traditions, Meaning in Life, and Aging Well. His publications are, from humanistic and philosophical perspectives, on themes such as mimesis, empathy, resilience, and humanistic values.

Jack David Eller teaches Anthropology at the Community College of Denver in Colorado. He has published Introducing Anthropology of Religion; Social Science and Historical Perspectives: Society, Science, and Ways of Knowing; and Cruel Creeds, Virtuous Violence: Religious Violence across Culture and History.

Jonathan Fox is Professor of Political Studies at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. He is the Director of the Religion and State Project. Recent books include Political Secularism, Religion and the State; Religion in International Relations Theory; The Unfree Exercise of Religion; and A World Survey of Religion and the State.

Robert Fuller is Professor of Religious Studies at Bradley University in Illinois. He has authored more than a dozen books on psychology and religion, religious history, and religion in the United States, including Religious Revolutionaries: The Rebels Who Reshaped American Religion and Spiritual, But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America.

Luke W. Galen is Associate Professor of Psychology at Grand Valley State University in Michigan. His main areas of research are psychology of religion and the secularity of (p. xi) nonreligious people. He coauthored The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies with Phil Zuckerman and Frank Pasquale.

Will M. Gervais is Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Kentucky, where he is Director of the Beliefs and Morality Lab. He investigates cognitive, evolutionary, and cultural forces facilitating beliefs about the supernatural. His publications also examine public attitudes toward the nonreligious and modes of cognition associated with nonbelief.

Jacob L. Goodson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Southwestern College in Kansas. He is the General Editor for The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. He coedited Rorty and the Religious: Christian Engagements with a Secular Philosopher, and authored Narrative Theology and the Hermeneutical Virtues: Humility, Patience, Prudence.

Ralph W. Hood Jr is Professor of Psychology at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. He is a past president of Division 36 (Psychology of Religion) of the American Psychological Association. He has been an editor of Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, the Archive for the Psychology of Religion, and the International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. He has published numerous books dealing with the psychology of religion.

Sikivu Hutchinson is Senior Intergroup Specialist for the Human Relations Commission of Los Angeles County, California. She is a founder of the Women’s Leadership Project and the Black Skeptics Los Angeles organization. She is the author of Moral Combat: Black Atheists, Gender Politics, and the Values Wars and Godless Americana: Race and Religious Rebels.

Jonathan Iwry is a research assistant in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. Besides his academic research, he is an online contributor to on public policy topics, and he writes a weekly column for The Daily Pennsylvanian on topics at the intersection of religion, politics, and public thought in American life.

Yolande Jansen is Senior Researcher and Lecturer at the Amsterdam Center for Globalization Studies of the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. She is also the Socrates Professor of Humanism in Relation to Religion and Secularity at VU University Amsterdam. Her recent book is titled Secularism, Assimilation and the Crisis of Multiculturalism: French Modernist Legacies.

Mark Juergensmeyer is Professor of Sociology and Global Studies, Affiliate Professor of Religious Studies, and founding Director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He coedited Rethinking Secularism and The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence. He coauthored God in the Tumult of the Global Square and authored Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence.

Ariela Keysar is Research Professor of Public Policy and Law and Associate Director of the Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture at Trinity College in Connecticut. She led the 2008 American Religious Identification Survey, and coedited Secularism, Women & The State; Secularism & Science in the 21st Century and Secularism & Secularity: Contemporary International Perspectives.

Dennis L. Krebs is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada. He has been a Woodrow Wilson Fellow and Fellow of Stanford’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He coedited Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology with Charles Crawford and authored The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account.

(p. xii) Cheng-tian Kuo is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Joint Professor of the Graduate Institute of Religious Studies at National Chengchi University in Taipei, Taiwan. He was a Chair Professor at the International Institute for Asian Studies in The Netherlands. Among his books is Religion and Democracy in Taiwan.

Cristina Lafont is Professor of Philosophy at Northwestern University in Illinois, where she is Director of the Program in Critical Theory and codirector of the Research Group on Global Capitalism and Law. A recent book is Global Governance and Human Rights, and coeditor of The Future of Critical Theory: Transforming the Global Political and Economic Order.

Sonja Luehrmann is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada. She has published two books on Soviet atheism and its effects on post-Soviet religion and historical memory: Secularism Soviet Style: Teaching Atheism and Religion in a Volga Republic and Religion in Secular Archives: Soviet Atheism and Historical Knowledge.

Tariq Modood is Professor of Sociology, Politics, and Public Policy at the University of Bristol, UK. He is the founding Director of the Bristol University Research Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship. He has published many books on multiculturalism, religion, and citizenship and authored Multicultural Politics: Racism, Ethnicity and Muslims in Britain and Multiculturalism: A Civic Idea.

Maxine B. Najle is a doctoral student in Experimental Psychology at the University of Kentucky, where she participates in research conducted by the Beliefs and Morality Lab. A recent journal article is “Learned Faith: The Influences of Evolved Cultural Learning Mechanisms on Belief in Gods” with coauthor Will Gervais published in Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.

Juhem Navarro-Rivera holds a doctorate in political science and works in Washington, DC. He was a researcher with the 2008 American Religious Identification Survey and continues as a Research Associate of the Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture. His current research explores the viability of the American secular movement as a political movement.

David Niose is an attorney who has litigated numerous constitutional cases. He is past President of the American Humanist Association and the Secular Coalition for America. His bestselling books are titled Fighting Back the Right: Reclaiming America from the Attack on Reason and Nonbeliever Nation: The Rise of Secular Americans.

James O. Pawelski is Director of Education and Senior Scholar in the Positive Psychology Center at the University of Pennsylvania, where he leads the Master of Applied Positive Psychology program. He is executive director of the International Positive Psychology Association. He authored The Dynamic Individualism of William James and coedited The Eudaimonic Turn and On Human Flourishing.

John Perry is Senior Lecturer in Theological Ethics at St. Mary’s College of the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. He formerly was McDonald Fellow for Christian Ethics and Public Life at Christ Church, Oxford. He edited God, the Good, and Utilitarianism, and authored The Pretenses of Loyalty: Locke, Liberal Theory, and American Political Theology.

(p. xiii) Johannes Quack is Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Anthropology and Cultural Studies at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. He directed the Emmy Neother Research Group on The Diversity of Non-Religion. His recent book is Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India.

Niamh Reilly is Established Professor in Political Science and Sociology at the National University of Ireland, Galway. For many years she has consulted on deliberations of the United Nations and Ireland’s Department of Foreign Affairs. She coedited Religion, Gender and the Public Sphere and authored Women’s Human Rights: Seeking Gender Justice in a Globalizing Age.

Abdullah Saeed is the Sultan of Oman Professor of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is Director of the National Centre of Excellence for Islamic Studies at the University of Melbourne. His books include Freedom of Religion, Apostasy and Islam; Islamic Thought: An Introduction; and Reading the Qur'an in the Twenty-First Century: A Contextualist Approach.

Kenan Sevinc is Assistant Professor of Psychology of Religion at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey. He is an assistant editor for the Journal of Intercultural and Religious Studies, the Turkish Journal of Religious Education Studies, and Journal of Divinity Faculty of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University.

John R. Shook is Research Associate in Philosophy and Instructor of Science Education at the University at Buffalo, New York. He has been Director of Education for two American secular organizations, the Center for Inquiry and the American Humanist Association. His recent book is The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between).

Emily Esfahani Smith holds a master’s degree in applied positive psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. She resides in Washington, DC., where she writes about culture, relationships, and psychology for The Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic, The New York Times, and other publications. She is the author of The Power of Meaning: Crafting a Life That Matters.

Jesse M. Smith is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Western Michigan University. His research investigations concern self and identity, social theory, sociology of religion and irreligion, and social movement. A recent article is “Creating a Godless Community: The Collective Identity Work of Contemporary American Atheists” in the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.

Baffour K. Takyi is Professor of Sociology at the University of Akron in Ohio. His research and publications concentrate on demographics of developing African nations, health outcomes in Africa, religion and the family, gender and reproductive behavior, the intersection of gender and power on fertility decisions, and the experiences of Africans and other black immigrants in the United States.

Sor-hoon Tan is Associate Professor of Philosophy at National University of Singapore. Her books include Challenging Citizenship: Group Membership and Cultural Identity in a Global Age; The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Perspectives; and Confucian Democracy: A Deweyan Reconstruction of Confucianism.

(p. xiv) John Teehan is Professor of Religion at Hofstra University in New York. He studies the intersection of cognitive–evolutionary theories, philosophy of religion, and issues of religious morality and belief. His recent book is In the Name of God: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Ethics and Violence.

Yazmín A. García Trejo is a research scholar at El Instituto: Institute of Latino, Caribbean and Latin American Studies at the University of Connecticut. She holds a doctorate in political science from the University of Connecticut. Her academic interests focus on the differences in the growth of secularism in Latin American countries.

Roger Trigg is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Warwick, and a Senior Research Fellow of the Ian Ramsey Centre. He also is Associate Scholar with the Religious Freedom Project of Georgetown University’s Berkley Center. His recent books are Equality, Freedom and Religion; Religion in Public Life; Religious Diversity: Philosophical and Political Dimensions; and Beyond Matter: Why Science Needs Metaphysics.

Bryan S. Turner is Presidential Professor of Sociology at the City University of New York Graduate Center, where he directs the Committee for the Study of Religion. He is the founding editor of the journals Body & Society, Citizenship Studies, and Journal of Classical Sociology. Recent books include The Religious and the Political: A Comparative Sociology of Religion and Religion and Modern Society: Citizenship, Secularisation and the State.

Vidhu Verma is a Professor in the Centre for Political Studies of Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, India. She has been a Senior Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Science Research. She is director of a project on Changing Conceptions of Legal Justice in India. She edited Unequal Worlds. Discrimination and Social Inequality in Modern India and recently authored Non-Discrimination and Equality in India: Contesting Boundaries of Social Justice.

Erik J. Wielenberg is Professor of Philosophy at DePauw University in Indiana. He has been a Fellow at the Centre for Ethics, Philosophy and Public Affairs, University of St. Andrews. He coedited New Waves in Philosophy of Religion, and his books include God and the Reach of Reason: C. S. Lewis, David Hume, and Bertrand Russell and Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe.

Marlene Winell is a psychologist and holds a doctorate in Human Development and Family Studies. She is a consultant, educator, and writer in the San Francisco Bay Area. Her clinical expertise on psychological trauma from religion can be accessed at She is the author of Leaving the Fold: A Guide for Former Fundamentalists and Others Leaving Their Religion.

David Yaden is a doctoral student in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. He works in the Positive Psychology Center, the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and he participates in research on the psychology and neuroscience of self-transcendent experiences. He also serves as a Humanist Chaplain at Rutgers University.

Phil Zuckerman is Professor of Sociology and Secular Studies at Pitzer College, where he founded the first program for secular studies in the United States. His authored Living the Secular Life and Society Without God, and he edited the two-volume work Atheism and Secularity. He recently coauthored The Nonreligious: Understanding Secular People and Societies.