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date: 29 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides sociodemographic profiles (by gender, age, and education) of a full spectrum of people around the world. People who call themselves “not religious” are compared with those who define themselves as “atheist” and also with those who say that they are “religious.” The beliefs of these distinct three groups are explored, particularly regarding their worldviews and the battle between religion and science, an issue that is at the heart of critical and enduring debates and has public policy implications. Finally, a multivariate analysis on the global conflict between science and religion is presented, examining the effects of various factors, such as demographics, religiosity, and culture.

Keywords: nonreligious demographics, religious demographics, atheists, science, religion-science conflict

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