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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores how increasingly diverse and democratic societies reconcile issues of religion and secular education in public schooling, focusing on the American and European public school systems. It addresses ongoing legal conflicts in education and religion and explores some recent US Supreme Court and European Court of Human Rights decisions in this arena. In particular, it discusses the issues involved in the relationship between secular and religious conceptions in public schooling as well as exploring the increasingly controversial themes of religious symbolism, religious curricula content, neutrality, and secularism in public schooling. The chapter concludes with discussion of issues related to the tendency of some domestic courts and national legislators to secularize the meaning of religious symbols and the application of principles of secularism to determine neutrality in the educational field.

Keywords: education, public schooling, religious education, religious expression, church-state separation

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