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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Ethical issues involving egg donation are very similar to those of sperm donation, but the complexity of obtaining eggs raises a different and evolving set of issues. Informed consent is difficult when the risks to the donor are unknown and the donor is offered substantial compensation. Special considerations arise when family members offer to donate eggs or when same-sex couples or single men need oocytes to build a family. Genetic advances have increased concerns about over-screening donors and eugenics. Advances in oocyte vitrification have allowed the creation of donor egg banks, which have increased the commodification and globalization of donor egg options. Differing laws and practices between countries have increased cross-border reproductive care. Finally, social egg freezing is now a reality, which could change the future of egg donation services.

Keywords: egg donation, oocyte donation, donor egg, donor oocyte, cross-border reproductive care, elective fertility preservation, egg cryobanking, gamete donors, oocyte vitrification, donor egg bank

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