- The Oxford Handbook of Reproductive Ethics
- Biographical Sketches
- The Discursive Context of Reproductive Ethics
- Access to Basic Reproductive Rights: Global Challenges
- Constructing the Abortion Argument
- Victims of Trafficking, Reproductive Rights, and Asylum
- The Commodification of Women’s Reproductive Tissue and Services
- Twenty-First-Century Eugenics
- Procreative Rights in a Postcoital World
- Reproduction as a Civil Right
- Conscientious Objection in Reproductive Health
- The Role of Providers in Assisted Reproduction: Potential Conflicts, Professional Conscience, and Personal Choice
- Ethical Issues in Newborn Screening
- How We Acquire Parental Rights
- Mothers and Others: Relational Autonomy in Parenting
- Procreators’ Duties: Sexual Asymmetries
- Reproductive Control for Men: For Men?
- Societal Disregard for the Needs of the Infertile
- Is Surrogacy Ethically Problematic?
- Parents with Disabilities
- Late-in-Life Motherhood: Ethico-Legal Perspectives on the Postponement of Childbearing and Access to Artificial Reproductive Technologies
- Justice, Procreation, and the Costs of Having and Raising Disabled Children
- Ethical Issues in the Evolving Realm of Egg Donation
- Sperm and Egg Donor Anonymity: Legal and Ethical Issues
- Who Am I When I’m Pregnant?
- Contemplating the Start of Someone
- The Possibility of Being Harmed by One’s Own Conception
- Understanding Procreative Beneficence
- Opting for Twins in In Vitro Fertilization: What Does Procreative Responsibility Require?
- Procreative Responsibility in View of What Parents Owe Their Children
Abstract and Keywords
Many women postpone childbearing until later in life and face infertility as a result. Social attitudes are often critical of whether these women should receive assisted reproductive technologies. These attitudes include blame for choosing to “have it all” with a career and a family, ridicule of older women becoming mothers, and views about the inappropriate use of health resources in support of supposed lifestyle choices. Ethically speaking, however, there is little support for restricting such infertility treatment or for funding it for younger women while withholding it from others. Neither choice nor natural aging can be defended as a ground on which to distinguish between older and younger women with respect to the receipt of care.
Keywords: assisted reproductive technology, artificial reproductive technology, late in life parenthood, older parents, age discrimination, infertility, egg freezing, menopause, reproductive autonomy, in vitro fertilization
Imogen Goold, University of Oxford, UK
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