- The Oxford Handbook of Reproductive Ethics
- Biographical Sketches
- The Discursive Context of Reproductive Ethics
- Access to Basic Reproductive Rights: Global Challenges
- Constructing the Abortion Argument
- Victims of Trafficking, Reproductive Rights, and Asylum
- The Commodification of Women’s Reproductive Tissue and Services
- Twenty-First-Century Eugenics
- Procreative Rights in a Postcoital World
- Reproduction as a Civil Right
- Conscientious Objection in Reproductive Health
- The Role of Providers in Assisted Reproduction: Potential Conflicts, Professional Conscience, and Personal Choice
- Ethical Issues in Newborn Screening
- How We Acquire Parental Rights
- Mothers and Others: Relational Autonomy in Parenting
- Procreators’ Duties: Sexual Asymmetries
- Reproductive Control for Men: For Men?
- Societal Disregard for the Needs of the Infertile
- Is Surrogacy Ethically Problematic?
- Parents with Disabilities
- Late-in-Life Motherhood: Ethico-Legal Perspectives on the Postponement of Childbearing and Access to Artificial Reproductive Technologies
- Justice, Procreation, and the Costs of Having and Raising Disabled Children
- Ethical Issues in the Evolving Realm of Egg Donation
- Sperm and Egg Donor Anonymity: Legal and Ethical Issues
- Who Am I When I’m Pregnant?
- Contemplating the Start of Someone
- The Possibility of Being Harmed by One’s Own Conception
- Understanding Procreative Beneficence
- Opting for Twins in In Vitro Fertilization: What Does Procreative Responsibility Require?
- Procreative Responsibility in View of What Parents Owe Their Children
Abstract and Keywords
After arguing against Joseph Millum’s account, this article defends principles with the following implications. Assuming in each case that the person’s behavior is morally innocent, (l) women always acquire parental rights by becoming pregnant, regardless of whether that was their intention. (2) Men acquire parental rights when they and their partners intentionally conceive a child of their own free will, as the first step in a joint project of having “a child of their own.” (3) Men can also acquire parental rights when a pregnancy was unintended, but only if their partner had previously promised that they could be a father to the child if one were conceived, nourished reasonable expectations to that effect, or their history together made this a reasonable belief that she did not discourage. Otherwise, the man only acquires certain obligations. A closing section explains the applications to cases in which assisted reproductive technology is employed.
Norvin Richards, Department of Philosophy, University of Alabama
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