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date: 21 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The relational models of procedural justice refer to three theoretical models: The group value model (Lind and Tyler, 1988), the relational model of authority (Tyler and Lind, 1992), and the group engagement model (Tyler and Blader, 2000). The three models share a focus on the fundamental psychological concerns that procedural justice addresses, highlighting the perspective that people care about and react to procedural justice because of the relational message conveyed by fair process. Procedural justice conveys a positive message to justice recipients about their relationship with the entity enacting justice, whereas procedural injustice conveys a negative message about that relationship. We review the development of the relational models of procedural justice, explain their contribution to several critical issues at the heart of procedural justice research, highlight recent developments in the relational model perspective, and identify important avenues for future research.

Keywords: procedural justice, relational models, group value model, relational model of authority, group engagement model

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