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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The American Southwest has an unusually rich record of pre-colonial hunting. Projectile points reflect technological change, and can serve as chronological and social markers, but dry preservation also allows direct study of bow and atlatl propulsion systems. Other organic artifacts, including nets, snares, and clubs, reflect the importance of mostly small game in pre-colonial diets and society. Faunal remains, coprolites, and iconography enlarge the record, and continuities with descendant cultures allow unusually good interpretation of hunting practices. Using archaeological data and ethnographic parallels, this chapter discusses the various intentional and opportunistic hunting technologies used through time to procure faunal resources.

Keywords: archaeology, pre-colonial, Southwest, atlatl, bow, hunting

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