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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

An unfortunate conceptual divide within archaeological scholarship has traditionally divided Native history into “before” and “after” European colonialism. Past research emphasized the disruption wrought by the arrival of Europeans in the Southwest via the introduction of epidemic diseases, market economies, material goods, and alien plants and animals. Recent research emphasizes that many of the early colonial period strategies for cultural persistence were merely variations on the same processes that occurred throughout the Southwest for millennia. When faced with new challenges, Native southwestern groups used many of the same tools, including migration, economic intensification, and cultural expression, in the service of survival, cultural persistence, and revitalization.

Keywords: Southwest, archaeology, migration, disease, colonialism

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