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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Hopi region is an iconic “tribal” society of the Southwest, with geographic and cultural continuity stretching back more than a millennium. The tribe has been the subject of ethnographic and archaeological study for more than 100 years, featuring a uniquely long-running dialogue with oral tradition and blurring of boundaries between ethnography and archaeology. The Hopi population stems from a combination of local groups and diverse immigrants, reflected in a social and religious organization that preserves the histories and identities of discrete clan groups. The interplay between migration and social organization recognized in ancestral Hopi sites has led to a broader re-evaluation of migration and identity across the region and in other middle-range societies. A distinctively Hopi material culture began to emerge in the early fourteenth century, and by the time of Spanish contact had crystallized into the form still visible today.

Keywords: Southwest, Hopi, migration, ethnography, archaeology

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