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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The international border between the United States and Mexico has no meaning for the Aboriginal history of the Southwest/Northwest. It has, however, greatly limited the amount of archaeology done in northern Mexico. Since the 1980s, Mexican and U.S. archaeologists have done increasing amounts of research in the Mexican state of Sonora. Here they have developed an international collaborative practice of archaeology unique in North America. Sonora has a rich archaeological record that includes Paleoindian and Archaic sites. This chapter focuses on the agricultural peoples of Sonora, beginning with the Early Agricultural site of La Playa. Archaeologists have defined six ceramic period archaeological traditions in the state (Central Coast, Trincheras, Casas Grandes, Río Sonora, Huatabampo, and Serrana). Contrary to earlier interpretations of these traditions as extensions of events, processes, and cultures found to the south or the north, contemporary archaeology is demonstrating them to be the results of complex local developments.

Keywords: Trincheras, Huatabampo, Río Sonora, Casas Grandes, La Playa, Serrana, early agriculture, Mexico, archaeology

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