Abstract and Keywords
The establishment of the first permanent farming villages in the southern Southwest coincided with the emergence of the Hohokam cultural tradition. This chapter examines the environmental, demographic, and social processes that shaped the development of Hohokam culture. Special attention is paid to the timing and tempo of cultural change across the region. Three periods of rapid change are discussed—the first associated with the establishment of permanent villages (ca. 500 ce), the second associated with the spread of the ball court system (ca. 800 ce), and the third associated with the collapse of the ball court system (ca. 1050–1100 ce). The conditions that affected the operation and management of the largest irrigation works in pre-Hispanic North America are also discussed.
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