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date: 30 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the three primary contemporary behavior therapy interventions for depression: problem-solving therapy (PST), coping with depression (CWD), and behavioral activation (BA).   After providing an overview of the historical roots of behavioral treatment for depression, the article describes the theoretical foundation of each approach. It then considers the evidence base, citing clinical trials that have evaluated the efficacy and effectiveness of PST, CWD, and BA. It also examines the primary treatment strategies of each approach and concludes by suggesting directions for future research that emphasize the need to clarify mechanisms of change and to extend the scope of behavioral therapy for depression.

Keywords: behavior therapy, depression, problem solving therapy, coping with depression, behavioral activation, evidence base, clinical trials

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