Abstract and Keywords
Unipolar depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, making the development of efficacious and scalable prevention models a public health priority. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the current state of the evidence for psychosocial preventive interventions targeting unipolar depression across different life stages and contexts. The review focuses on trials whose primary objective was to prevent the initial onset of a depressive disorder (primary prevention), not on trials focused on preventing relapse or recurrence of depressive episodes. We divide the literature by age of participants: youths (0–18 years) and adults (18 and older). The adult prevention literature is further divided into several contextual categories: prevention in the general adult population, prevention in low-income samples, prevention in college students, prevention of perinatal depression, and prevention of depression in advanced age. We also highlight important limitations and future directions and make recommendations for advancing the field.
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