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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the distinction that is sometimes drawn between neutral and relative attributions of value. It asks whether a plausible interpretation can be found for claims about relative value, whether an interpretation can be found for claims about neutral value which best captures the thoughts that people express by using this distinction, whether the distinction can be used to produce a satisfactory way of formulating a relative-value consequentialist theory, and whether a theory of that kind is plausible. A positive answer is given to the first three questions, but a negative one to the fourth.

Keywords: agent-relative, agent-neutral, fittingness, moral constraints, consequentialism, impartiality

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