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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the nature of and relation between value and normativity. Words such as “good” and “bad” give expression to value, while words such as “right,” “wrong,” “ought,” and “reason” give expression to normativity. Some philosophers (most notably, but not only, those who subscribe to the fitting-attitude analysis of value) hold the view that value is to be understood in terms of normativity, others (most notably, but not only, those who subscribe to consequentialism) hold the view that normativity is to be understood in terms of value. This chapter examines both views, explaining how each is plausible and yet also problematic.

Keywords: value, normativity, good, right, ought, reason, consequentialism, fitting attitudes

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