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date: 21 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses Primitive Expression—a form of dance therapy— and its effectiveness as a therapeutic tool. It combines physical, neuropsychological, and social aspects, and involves ethologically and socially-based forms which are offered for re-enactment, as well as an incentive for successful performance and a challenge to ‘transcend’. In Primitive Expression, play, rhythm, dance, and song work on a symbolic level. The aim is to alert the participants to act and to express themselves, while orienting their drives in a positive way. In this chapter, the specific tools of Primitive Expression, such as rhythm, percussion, voice, movement, to name a few, are described and discussed. In addition, preliminary results of a Primitive Expression-based protocol with a small group of psychiatric patients are presented. A relatively short duration of Primitive Expression treatment led to observable changes in psychological state, behaviour, and brain physiology.

Keywords: Primitive Expression, dance movement therapy, psychiatric disorders, happiness, wellbeing

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