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date: 24 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A research team from the German National Project Body Language of Movement and Dance conducted a feasibility study on the influence of mirroring interventions on the self-experience and interaction skills of patients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric hospital setting (N = 14). They investigated how a manualized dance movement therapy (DMT) intervention influenced (1) body awareness, (2) the sense of wellbeing, (3) empathy, and (4) social skills in the patients compared to a control group. In this chapter, the authors define the terms, briefly describe the method of therapeutic mirroring, compute the results, and discuss the findings. The results suggest that wellbeing and empathy were strengthened through mirroring in movement. The intervention further increased positive affect (and coping), and decreased depressed affect and anxiety as aspects of wellbeing. Future studies should improve the DMT intervention for schizophrenia, integrate changes in body image, body self-efficacy, embodied intersubjectivity, expression of emotion, and increased numbers of participants.

Keywords: dance movement therapy, mirroring, embodiment, schizophrenia, body awareness, empathy, wellbeing, social skills, control group design, metaphoricity

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