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date: 21 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The psychological dimension of “open” versus “closed” is a core dimension for self and identity in a globalizing world. With this thesis as a starting point, the implications of globalization for human development are discussed: the impact of the Internet on the embodied self, globalization and localization as two sides of the same coin, and the emergence of global and local identities, including their bicultural and hybrid manifestations. Furthermore, attention is given to the balance between homophily, as a necessary condition for effective communication between different cultural positions, and heterophily, as a source for innovation and creativity at cultural interfaces. In this context, psychology as a discipline is criticized for its universal pretensions. Finally, arguments are presented for studying the influence of globalization on lifelong development, including the process of aging, and for the necessity of dialogical models for the study of self and identity in a globalizing world.

Keywords: globalization, localization, bicultural identity, hybrid identity, dialogical self, homophily, heterophily, aging, cultural learning

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