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date: 12 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter assesses the presentation of the Arab world in Neo-Latin texts, and the engagement of Renaissance Latin scholars with that world. The first section of the article discusses Latin biographies of Arabic scholars, as part of the world chronicle and De viris illustribus tradition. Then follows a survey of the Arabic–(Hebrew)–Latin translations in the Renaissance, which develop in the intellectual climate of Padua University and of the Venetian embassy in Damascus. Third, prominent examples of the Arabic influence on Renaissance medical, philosophical, and astrological writings are discussed. The remaining three sections cover Neo-Latin grammars and vocabularies of oriental languages, travel reports about the Arab world, and the Renaissance knowledge and concept of Islam. It will emerge that the various forms of contact between the Europe and the Arab world had reverberations in many parts of Renaissance Latin culture.

Keywords: Arabic, translation, science, Avicenna, Averroes, Venice, Damascus, Padua, philosophy

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