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date: 22 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an account of the contexts in which Latin was used in early modern Ibero-America, surveying its role in controversies about the status of the native populations and in evangelization, as well as in colonial education, literary production, rhetoric, and philosophy. Two situations in which select groups wrote in Latin in order to affirm their identity and protect their interests are examined in detail: the language served some acculturated members of the indigenous nobilities in central Mexico in petitions they made to the Spanish crown during the mid-1500s; and during the later eighteenth century, creole Jesuits produced a rich corpus of Latin literature to draw attention to their distinctive heritage as Spanish Americans in response to a succession of polemics about the New World and its inhabitants from Enlightenment philosophers, scientists, and historians in Europe.

Keywords: Brazil, creoles, Garcés, Fray Julián, Indians [indigenous Americans], Las Casas, Bartolomé de, Martí, Manuel, Mexico, Nahuatl, Peramás, José Manuel, Peru

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