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date: 22 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys Neo-Latin literature in the colonial and post-colonial North-American areas of New France and New England. The first part, New France, deals with annual reports on the missions, letters, travel narratives, histories, chronicles, as well as scientific, linguistic, spiritual, and liturgical texts. These authors were missionaries, describing the encounter with indigenous peoples, their languages, cultures, and natural environment. The second part, New England, emphasizes the role of Latin as part of the general intellectual history of the emerging United States. From its use as both curricular foundation and medium of communication in early American education, Latin served as a bridge between American and European scientists in the eighteenth-century, in fields such as medicine and botany. Also to be found throughout the early American republic is a wide variety of original Latin poetry and prose.

Keywords: Neo-Latin, North America, New France, New England, colonialism, native Americans, indigenous peoples, Jesuit Relations, missionaries, early American studies

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