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date: 26 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapters starts with a definition of “Low Countries” and then deals with humanism as a general cultural force in that region, discussing, among other things, the person and achievements of Erasmus of Rotterdam. After that, it presents the most important genres of Neo-Latin literature in the Low Countries: drama, lyric, and elegiac poetry (with a particular focus on Johannes Secundus), and finally selected forms of prose (oratory, Menippean satire and fiction, treatises and dialogues, historiography, and scholarly and scientific literature). Attention is paid throughout to the different developments that humanism and Neo-Latin took in the North (what is now roughly the Netherlands) and the South (what is now roughly Belgium) after the division of the Low Countries.

Keywords: humanism, Neo-Latin literature, Low Countries, Leuven University, Leiden University, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Justus Lipsius, Johannes Secundus, classical tradition

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