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date: 22 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Latin was a living language in the years from 1400 to 1800, given its first life at school (since it was no one’s mother tongue). In Italy, methods for teaching Latin at the school level were surprisingly conservative—despite the advent of Renaissance humanism. There the techniques for teaching basic latinity were developed in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and changed only at the margins with the coming of humanist educators; innovation in Italian schools mainly took place at the final rhetorical level, after basic latinity had been mastered. It was different in Northern Europe, where scholastic and speculative grammar constituted a powerful presence at the school level in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries (unlike Italy, where this kind of grammar had little impact in schools). With the arrival of humanism in Northern Europe, educators were faced with a choice between continuing scholastic methods and humanist innovation.

Keywords: school, Latin, grammar, authors, humanism, rhetoric

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