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date: 04 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter will examine the impact of Erasmus on the development of Latin in the Protestant context before going on analyze the specific contribution to the development of Neo-Latin by the chief Lutheran and Zwinglian/Calvinist scholars of the first and second generation of reformers. It will focus particularly on the roles attributed to the vernacular and Latin in the spreading of the Reformation message in different contexts, and also on the Latin training of some of the main reformers such as Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli, Calvin, and Beza. The chapter also examines some linguistic developments that are specific to Protestantism, such as the attempts to fix the Latin of Bible translations against Jerome on one hand, and against scholars such as Sebastian Castellio who favored translations in Ciceronian Latin, on the other. Finally, attention will be paid to the use of Latin textbooks, ancient and contemporary, in Protestant schools and universities.

Keywords: Erasmus, Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli, Bullinger, Reformation, Beza

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