- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment
- List of Contributors
- The Imprisonment Boom of the Late Twentieth Century: Past, Present, and Future
- Who Goes to Prison?
- Mass Incarceration and Conditions of Confinement
- Exploring Imprisonment across Cross-National Contexts
- Theories of Mass Incarceration
- Subcultural Adaptations to Incarceration
- The Real Gangbanging Is in Prison
- Women in Prison
- Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities
- The Two Cultures: Correctional Officers and Key Differences in Institutional Climate
- Measuring and Explaining Inmate Misconduct
- Prison Riots
- Drugs and Prisons
- A General Model of Harm in Correctional Settings
- Understanding the Contours of Prison Disciplinary Procedures
- The Effects of Administrative Segregation: A Lesson in Knowledge Cumulation
- A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy
- Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings
- Principles of Effective Intervention with Incarcerated Offenders
- Employment and Vocation Programs in Prison
- Treating Sex Offenders in Prison
- The Multiple Faces of Reentry
- Implementing Prison-based Treatment Programs
- Preventing Suicide in Detention and Correctional Facilities
- Offenders with Mental Illness in Prison
- The Problem of Incarcerating Juveniles with Adults
- The Effect of Prisons on Crime
- Private Prisons in a New Environment
- Policy and Program Innovations in Prisons
- Useful versus Harmful Prison Policies
Abstract and Keywords
This essay provides some of the general profiles of female inmates across the United States and how they differ from those for male inmates. The unique problems faced by women in prisons that can interfere with their adaptation to confinement (e.g., pregnancies, recent births, separation from children) are described. How histories of physical and sexual abuse can impact institutional adjustment is also discussed in conjunction with a review of “gender-responsive” programs and why some programs should not be used for both men and women. Possible reasons for the rising incarceration rates of women are also considered. Prison administrators should consider making changes to their policies, management styles, and programming or service provisions in order to better respond to women’s unique needs. The future of gender-responsiveness in corrections will likely entail an expanded recognition of gender-responsive needs and, eventually, the implementation of a wide range of services across all correctional systems.
Emily M. Wright PhD, is a professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. Her research involves neighborhoods, intimate partner violence, victimization, exposure to violence, and female offenders. Her research has appeared in Criminology, Child Abuse & Neglect, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, and Trauma, Violence, & Abuse.
Calli M. Cain is a doctoral candidate in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska, Omaha. Her primary research interests include the victim–offender overlap, gender differences, corrections, and juvenile delinquency. She has recently published in Criminal Justice & Behavior, Violence & Victims, Criminal Justice Policy Review, and Trauma, Violence, & Abuse.
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