- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment
- List of Contributors
- The Imprisonment Boom of the Late Twentieth Century: Past, Present, and Future
- Who Goes to Prison?
- Mass Incarceration and Conditions of Confinement
- Exploring Imprisonment across Cross-National Contexts
- Theories of Mass Incarceration
- Subcultural Adaptations to Incarceration
- The Real Gangbanging Is in Prison
- Women in Prison
- Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities
- The Two Cultures: Correctional Officers and Key Differences in Institutional Climate
- Measuring and Explaining Inmate Misconduct
- Prison Riots
- Drugs and Prisons
- A General Model of Harm in Correctional Settings
- Understanding the Contours of Prison Disciplinary Procedures
- The Effects of Administrative Segregation: A Lesson in Knowledge Cumulation
- A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy
- Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings
- Principles of Effective Intervention with Incarcerated Offenders
- Employment and Vocation Programs in Prison
- Treating Sex Offenders in Prison
- The Multiple Faces of Reentry
- Implementing Prison-based Treatment Programs
- Preventing Suicide in Detention and Correctional Facilities
- Offenders with Mental Illness in Prison
- The Problem of Incarcerating Juveniles with Adults
- The Effect of Prisons on Crime
- Private Prisons in a New Environment
- Policy and Program Innovations in Prisons
- Useful versus Harmful Prison Policies
Abstract and Keywords
This essay explores how illegal drugs are linked to imprisonment, especially in the United States. First, the chapter considers statistics that demonstrate how the high U.S. imprisonment rate is driven by the criminalization of substance misuse, despite the high incidence of drug use in the general population. Prison populations that include a mixture of drug users and drug dealers are virtually guaranteed to find ways of bringing drugs into prison, and the demand is increased by the desire to ease the pains of imprisonment. The illicit drug economy in prisons and the associated violence is a threat to the safety of both staff and prisoners. Discussed are ways drugs enter correctional institutions and the methods used to disrupt supply routes. Types of treatment to reduce demand are considered. The complex mix of issues affecting drug use in prisons means that a careful, balanced approach to care and control is needed.
Michael Wheatley M.St., is a qualified social worker and experienced commissioner and practitioner with Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service to lead the Health Team within the Rehabilitation Services Group on prison substance misuse provision. In this role he works with Government Ministers, other Government departments, other HMPPS directorates, prison Governors, local health commissioners and service providers to support the design, development and implementation of bespoke substance misuse services. Currently, Michael is embedded into HMP Holme House leading on the development of a Drug Recovery Prison concept. Previously, Michael was a senior manager responsible for delivering, co-ordinating and supporting the commissioning of interventions designed to reduce reoffending in high security prisons. He has also worked as a community probation officer. Michael holds a bachelor of arts degree in Applied Social Studies, a Certificate in Qualified Social Work from Sheffield Hallam University and a Master of Studies in Applied Criminology, Penology and Prison Management from Cambridge University.
John R. Weekes PhD, has worked in the corrections, criminal justice and forensic psychology research communities in Canada and internationally for over 35 years. Currently, he is Director of Research for the Correctional Service of Canada. He is trained as both a clinical and a research psychologist, before earning his doctorate from Ohio University. He is Adjunct Research Professor of Forensic Psychology and Addictions in the Forensic Psychology Research Centre of the Department of Psychology at Carleton University where he teaches and supervises undergraduate and graduate student research. Dr. Weekes is also a research affiliate of the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Sciences and Justice Studies at the University of Saskatchewan and the Canadian Institute for Public Safety Research and Treatment at the University of Regina. He consults widely in Canada and internationally, including in England and Wales, Ireland, the US, and Scandinavia. He is a past Chair of the American Correctional Association’s (ACA’s) Substance Abuse Committee, and served on the ACA’s Best Practices Coordinating Council. Dr. Weekes is a continuing member of the Correctional Services Accreditation and Advice Panel, Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service, Ministry of Justice, UK. He has also served as Chair of the Volunteers of America (Delaware Valley) ad hoc Research Committee. Dr. Weekes is a scientific advisor to the Breaking Free Group – a computer-assisted therapy online service provider based in Manchester, UK. He has published and presented extensively on substance misuse, addictions, forensic psychology, clinical psychopathology, motivational interviewing, evidence-informed treatment, computer-assisted therapy, and treatment-outcome research.
Andrea E. Moser PhD, is currently the Director General, Women Offender Sector, Correctional Service of Canada (CSC). She has published several articles and book chapters and has presented at national and international workshops and conferences on a variety of topics related to corrections including offender mental health, addictions, effective correctional programming and radicalized offenders. Recently, Dr. Moser was a member of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) expert working group that developed the Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners and the Prevention of Radicalization to Violence in Prison. She was also the recipient of the International Corrections and Prisons Association (ICPA) 2016 Research Award.
Kathleen Thibault MSW, is a Registered Social Worker and Psychotherapist who has worked with incarcerated individuals in Canada. She has also worked as a Policy Analyst, Research Manager and Project Manager in corrections and the criminal justice field specializing in mental health and addictions policy, research and evidence-based program development. Kathleen holds a bachelor of arts degree in psychology from Queen’s University and bachelors and masters degrees in social work from McGill University. Kathleen has completed all-but-dissertation of a doctorate in Health Policy from the University of Toronto.
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