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date: 25 February 2020

(p. xv) Contributors

(p. xv) Contributors

Akitomi Katsuya is Professor at Kyoto Institute of Technology, President of the Nishida Philosophy Association, and Chairman of the Board of Directors at the Japanese-German Cultural Institute in Kyoto. He received his undergraduate and doctoral degrees from Kyoto University and studied at Munich University as a Humboldt Fellow. In additional to numerous articles on Nishida Kitarō, Nishitani Keiji, and other figures in the Kyoto School, he is author of Geijutsu to gijutsu: Haideggā no toi [Art and Technology: Heidegger’s Question] and co-translator with Ōhashi Ryōsuke of Heidegger’s Beiträge zur Philosophie (Vom Ereignis).



Yoko Arisaka (Jp. Arisaka Yōko, born in Japan in 1962 and moved to the United States in 1980) received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of California, Riverside (1996). She was Associate Professor of Philosophy in the Philosophy Department as well as at the Graduate Faculty at the Center for the Pacific Rim, both at the University of San Francisco (1996–2007). During the fall of 1997, she was a CNRS research associate at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris. Since 2005, she has lived in Hannover, Germany. She was a Fellow at the Forschungsinstitut für Philosophie Hannover (2009–11). She is currently an adjunct faculty member at the University of Hildesheim, Germany. Her fields of research include political philosophy (including philosophy of race and gender issues), modern Japanese philosophy, phenomenology, and ethics. Her publications include Prophetischer Pragmatismus: Eine Einführung in das Denken von Cornel West, by Jürgen Manemann, Yoko Arisaka, Volker Drell, Anna Maria Hauk (2012) and Kitaro Nishida in der Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts, edited by Rolf Elberfeld and Yoko Arisaka (2014). Website: http://www.arisaka.org.



Robert E. Carter is Professor Emeritus at Trent University. He studied at Tufts and Harvard Universities, and at the University of Toronto. He is the author/editor of several books, including Dimensions of Moral Education (1984); God, the Self and Nothingness (1990); Becoming Bamboo: Reflections Eastern and Western (1992); Encounter with Enlightenment: A Study of Japanese Ethics (2001); Rinrigaku: Ethics in Japan, with Yamamoto Seisaku (1996); The Nothingness Beyond God: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nishida (1997); The Japanese Arts and Self-Cultivation (2008), and The Kyoto School: An Introduction (2012). Dr. Carter has visited Japan on nine occasions to research and teach, living in Japan for two years as an Invited Professor at Kansai Gaidai University in Japan. He has also been an Invited Professor at the University of Hawaiʻi. He is a poet and musician and currently plays trumpet in two big-bands. He is married with two children and one grandson, and he lives in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.



(p. xvi) Melissa Anne-Marie Curley is Assistant Professor of Comparative Studies at Ohio State University. Her research focuses on modern Japanese Buddhism, particularly the interaction between sectarian Pure Land thinkers and Japanese philosophers. She is author of Pure Land, Real World: Modern Buddhism, Japanese Leftists, and the Utopian Imagination (University of Hawaiʻi Press, 2017) and co-editor of a book on the Kyoto School entitled Neglected Themes and Hidden Variations (Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture, 2008). Recent articles include “Prison and the Pure Land: A Buddhist Chaplain in Occupied Japan” (Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 2018) and “Dead Matter and Living Memory: Three Ways of Looking at the Higashi Honganji Hair Ropes” (Japanese Religions, forthcoming). She is currently completing a collaborative translation of Kyoto School philosopher Keta Masako’s Philosophy of Religious Experience: An Elucidation of the Pure Land Buddhist World.



Bret W. Davis is Thomas J. Higgins, S.J. Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Maryland. He attained a PhD in philosophy from Vanderbilt University and has spent more than a dozen years in Japan, during which time he studied Buddhist thought at Otani University, completed the coursework for a second PhD in Japanese philosophy at Kyoto University, and trained as a lay practitioner at Shōkokuji, a Rinzai Zen monastery in Kyoto. In addition to publishing more than sixty articles in English and in Japanese on various topics in Japanese, continental, and cross-cultural philosophy, he is the author of Heidegger and the Will: On the Way to Gelassenheit (2007); editor of Martin Heidegger: Key Concepts (2014); and co-editor of Sekai no naka no Nihon no tetsugaku [Japanese philosophy in the world] (2005), Japanese and Continental Philosophy: Conversations with the Kyoto School (2011), and Engaging Dōgen’s Zen: The Philosophy of Practice as Awakening (2017). His translations from German and Japanese include Martin Heidegger’s Country Path Conversations (2010), Dōgen’s “Genjōkōan: The Presencing of Truth” (2009), and Ueda Shizuteru’s “Language in a Twofold World” (2011). He serves on the editorial board of several journals and is coeditor of Indiana University Press’s book series in World Philosophies.



Steffen Döll is Numata Professor for Japanese Buddhism at the University of Hamburg. He studied Japanology, Sinology, and Religious Studies in Munich and Kyoto. His master’s thesis, published in 2005, was the first monograph on contemporary philosopher Ueda Shizuteru (1926–2019) to appear in a Western language. His dissertation was published in 2010 and studies the role of Chinese emigrant monks in the transmission of Chan Buddhism to Japan as well as in the subsequent processes of institutionalization during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. In 2015, he was appointed to his current position in the Numata Center for Buddhist Studies at Hamburg University. He is currently pursuing research projects focusing on the entangled histories of religion and literature in East Asia; the construction of sacred spaces and topographies, for example in the form of Buddhist monastic architecture or landscape narratives; and the question of the function and potency of writing in East Asia.



(p. xvii) Rolf Elberfeld is Professor of Philosophy of Culture at Hildesheim University, Germany. He is author of Kitaro Nishida (1870–1945): Moderne japanische Philosophie und die Frage nach der Interkulturalität; Phänomenologie der Zeit im Buddhismus: Methoden interkulturellen Philosophierens; Sprache und Sprachen: Eine philosophische Grundorientierung; and Philosophieren in einer globalisierten Welt. His edited volumes include Komparative Ästhetik: Künste und ästhetische Erfahrungen in Asien und Europa; Komparative Ethik: Das Gute Leben zwischen den Kulturen; Was ist Philosophie? Programmatische Texte von Platon bis Derrida; and Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung in globaler Perspektive. He is translator of Ōhashi Ryōsuke’s Kire: Das Schöne in Japan, and, with Ōhashi Ryōsuke, editor and translator of Dōgen, Shōbōgenzō: Ausgewählte Texte: Anders Philosophieren aus dem Zen.



Peter Flueckiger is Professor of Japanese at Pomona College. He received his Ph.D. in East Asian Languages and Cultures from Columbia University. He has also been a research student at the University of Tokyo and a visiting researcher at International Christian University. His work focuses on the intersection of literary thought with political and ethical philosophy in eighteenth-century Japanese National Learning (kokugaku) and Confucianism. He is the author of Imagining Harmony: Poetry, Empathy, and Community in Mid-Tokugawa Confucianism and Nativism (Stanford University Press, 2011), as well as a number of articles, book chapters, and translations.



Fujita Masakatsu is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability and the inaugural Chair of the Department of the History of Japanese Philosophy at Kyoto University. He received doctoral degrees from Bochum University and Kyoto University, and he is author of Philosophie und Religion beim jungen Hegel; Gendai shisō toshite no Nishida Kitarō [Nishida Kitarō as a Modern Thinker]; Nishida Kitarō: Ikiru koto to tetsugaku [Nishida Kitarō: Being Alive and Philosophy]; Nishida Kitarō no shisaku sekai [Nishida Kitarō’s World of Thought]; Tetsugaku no hinto [Hints of Philosophy]; and Nihon tetsugaku-shi [The History of Japanese Philosophy]. He edited Tanabe Hajime tetsugaku sen [Selected Works of Tanabe Hajime’s Philosophy]; and, with Kosaka Kunitsugu, the new edition of Nishida Kitarō zenshū [Complete Works of Nishida Kitarō]. His other edited volumes include Nihon kindai shisō wo manabu hito no tame ni [For Students of Modern Japanese Thought]; Kyōto gakuha no tetsugaku [The Philosophy of the Kyoto School]; Higashiajia to tetsugaku [East Asia and Philosophy]; Shisō-kan no taiwa: Higashi ajia ni okeru tetsugaku no juyō to tenkai [Dialogue Between Ways of Thinking: The Reception and Development of Philosophy in East Asia]; and, with Bret W. Davis, Sekai no naka no Nihon no tetsugaku [Japanese Philosophy in the World].



Chris Goto-Jones was educated at Cambridge, Keiō, and Oxford University. He was Professor of Modern Japan Studies and Professor of Comparative Philosophy at Leiden University before becoming Dean of Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Victoria, where he is also Honorary Professor in Asian Studies at the University of British Columbia. He has published in the fields of ethics, philosophy (p. xviii) of mind, and comparative political thought: Political Philosophy in Japan: Nishida, the Kyoto School, and Co-Prosperity (2005); Re-Politicising the Kyoto School as Philosophy (ed., 2008). Recent interests are in the intersections between performance, embodiment, ethics, and self-cultivation: Conjuring Asia: Magic, Orientalism and the Making of the Modern World (2016); The Virtual Ninja Manifesto: Fighting Games, Martial Arts and Gamic Orientalism (2016). In terms of popularizing publications, he is author of A Very Short Introduction to Modern Japan (2009), which has been translated into many languages worldwide.



Steven Heine is Professor of Religious Studies and History and Director of Asian Studies at Florida International University. Previously he taught religious traditions of East Asia at Pennsylvania State University. He has published more than two dozen books on Zen Buddhism and Japanese religions, including Existential and Ontological Dimensions of Time in Heidegger and Dōgen (1985), Dōgen and the Kōan Tradition (1994), Shifting Shape, Shaping Text (1999), The Kōan (2000), Opening a Mountain (2001), Did Dōgen Go To China? (2006), Zen Skin, Zen Marrow (2008), Sacred High City, Sacred Low City (2011), Like Cats and Dogs (2013), Dōgen: Textual and Historical Studies (2014), and From Chinese Chan to Japanese Zen (2017). In 2007, he received the Order of the Rising Sun award bestowed by the government of Japan for a lifetime of service to Japanese cultural studies.



James W. Heisig completed doctoral studies at Cambridge University in 1973 and subsequently lectured at graduate schools in Chicago and Mexico for several years before moving to Japan, where he has been a permanent fellow at the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture in Nagoya, Japan, since 1978. His books, translations, and edited collections, which have appeared in 12 languages, total more than 70 volumes. They include El cuento detrás del cuento: Un ensayo sobre psique y mito; Imago Dei: A Study of C. G. Jung’s Psychology of Religion; Philosophers of Nothingness: An Essay on the Kyoto School; Dialogues at One Inch Above the Ground; El gemelo de Jesús: Un alumbramiento al budismo; Nothingness and Desire: An East-West Philosophical Antiphony; and Much Ado About Nothingness: Essays on Nishida and Tanabe. He is the general editor of the nineteen-volume series Nanzan Studies in Religion and Culture and Essays in Japanese Philosophy; co-editor of Nanzan Library of Asian Religion and Culture; an Italian series on Japanese philosophy, Tetsugaku; and a series of volumes on Korean Religions. Together with Thomas P. Kasulis and John C. Maraldo, he edited the comprehensive anthology Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook.



Dennis Hirota is Professor of Shin Buddhist Studies, Emeritus, and senior research fellow at Ryukoku University, Kyoto. He is the Head Translator of The Collected Works of Shinran (1997) and has published books and articles in both Japanese and English on Japanese Pure Land Buddhist tradition, particularly the thought of Shinran and Ippen. He has served as Visiting Professor at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto (1996–1997) and Numata Visiting Professor of Buddhist Studies at Harvard Divinity School (1999, 2008). His books include Asura’s Harp: Engagement (p. xix) with Language as Buddhist Path (2006), Toward a Contemporary Understanding of Pure Land Buddhism (2000), Shinran: Shūkyō gengo no kakumeisha [Shinran and Religious Language] (1998), and No Abode: The Record of Ippen (1986, 1997). He is co-author, with Ueda Yoshifumi, of Shinran: An Introduction to His Thought (1989) and has published on Buddhism in the aesthetic thought of Japan, including Wind in the Pines: Classic Writings of the Way of Tea as a Buddhist Path (1995). He is currently completing a book on the thought of Shinran in the light of Heidegger.



Victor Sōgen Hori is retired professor in the School of Religious Studies at McGill University. He received his doctoral degree in philosophy from Stanford University in 1976 and that same year was ordained a Zen monk in Kyoto. After devoting the next thirteen years to training at monasteries in Japan, he returned to the academic life in 1990. His publications include Zen Sand: The Book of Capping Phrases for Kōan Practice (2003), a translation of The Ten Oxherding Pictures: Lectures by Yamada Mumon Roshi (2004), and several articles on Zen Buddhism.



Iwasawa Tomoko is Professor of Comparative Religions at Reitaku University in Chiba, Japan. She received her MA and PhD in philosophy of religion from Boston University. Her publications include Tama in Japanese Myth: A Hermeneutical Study of Ancient Japanese Divinity (2011), “Transcendence and Immanence, West and East: A Case Study of Japanese Divinity” in Existenz (2018), and “Philosophical Faith as the Will to Communicate: Two Case Studies in Intercultural Understanding” in Philosophical Faith and the Future of Humanity (2012).



Leah Kalmanson is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at Drake University. She received her PhD in philosophy from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Her work in comparative philosophy has appeared in Comparative and Continental Philosophy, Continental Philosophy Review, Hypatia, Journal of World Philosophies, Philosophy East and West, and Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies. She is co-editor of collections including Confucianism in Context (with Wonsuk Chang, 2010), Levinas and Asian Thought (with Sarah Mattice and Frank Garrett, 2013), Buddhist Responses to Globalization (with James Mark Shields, 2014), Ineffability: An Exercise in Comparative Philosophy of Religion (with Tim Knepper, 2017), and Comparative Studies in Asian and Latin American Philosophies (with Stephanie Rivera Berruz, 2018). She currently serves as Assistant Editor at the Journal of Japanese Philosophy (SUNY).



Thomas P. Kasulis is University Distinguished Scholar and Professor Emeritus of Comparative Studies at the Ohio State University (OSU), where he has taught philosophy, religious studies, and East Asian studies. At OSU he has chaired the departments of Comparative Studies and of East Asian Languages and Literatures and has directed the Center for the Study of Religion. Former president of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and of the American Society for the Study of Religion, Kasulis has been a visiting professor at Harvard, the University of Chicago, and in Japan at both Ōsaka and Ōtani Universities. He has written dozens (p. xx) of scholarly articles on Japanese philosophers and religions, comparative philosophy, and the philosophy of religion. His books from the University of Hawaiʻi Press include Zen Action/Zen Person (1989); Intimacy or Integrity: Philosophy and Cultural Difference (2002) [based on the 1998 Gilbert Ryle Lectures]; Shinto: The Way Home (2004); the co-edited Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook (2011); and Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (2018). For SUNY Press, he coedited a three-volume series comparing Asian and Western ideas of self, coedited The Recovery of Philosophy in America: Essays in Honor of John Edwin Smith (1997), and edited (as well as co-translated) Yuasa Yasuo’s The Body: Toward an Eastern Mind–Body Theory (1987).



Rikki Kersten is Dean of the School of Arts at Murdoch University in Western Australia. She has research interests in modern Japanese political thought and in contemporary Japanese foreign and security policy. She has a particular interest in the nexus between democracy and security in postwar Japanese political discourse and policy. She is the author of Democracy in Postwar Japan: Maruyama Masao and the Search for Autonomy (1996). Her recent publications include “Assumptions About Alliances: Australia, Japan and the Liberal International Order,” in M. Heazle and A. O’Neill’s China’s Rise and Australia-Japan-US relations (2018), and “Contextualising Australia-Japan Security Cooperation: The Normative Framing of Japanese Security Policy” in the Australian Journal of International Affairs (2016).



Kobayashi Yasuo (born 1950 in Tokyo) is Emeritus Professor of Culture and Representation at the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Tokyo, Komaba, and the Director of the University of Tokyo Center for Philosophy (UTCP). He graduated from the Department of French Studies at the University of Tokyo in 1974, and he completed his PhD in Semiotics under the direction of Claude Abastado at the University of Paris X Nanterre in 1981. He taught at the University of Electro-Communications in Chōfu starting in 1982, and he joined the faculty of the University of Tokyo, Komaba, in 1986. From 2001 to 2002, Professor Kobayashi served as a councilor at the University of Tokyo, and, in 2002, he received the Ordre de Palme Academique Chevalier from the Republic of France. From 2002 to 2017, he was Director of UTCP, under the auspices of the Twenty-First-Century and Global COE Programs of the Ministry of Education (Monkashō). Professor Kobayashi has published on a wide range of subjects. His publications include: Hyōshō no kōgaku [The Optics of Representation] (2003), Chi no Odysseia [The Odyssey of Savoir] (2009), Rekishi no deconstruction [The Deconstruction of History] (2010), and Kokoro no aporia [The Aporia of Kokoro] (2013). He has also translated a number of French authors, including Derrida, Levinas, and Duras.



John W. M. Krummel is Associate Professor in the Department of Religious Studies at Hobart and William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York. He has a PhD in Philosophy from the New School for Social Research and a PhD in Religion from Temple University. He is author of Nishida Kitarō’s Chiasmatic Chorology: Place of Dialectic, Dialectic of Place (2015). His writings on topics such as Heidegger, Nishida, Reiner Schürmann, (p. xxi) imagination, and Buddhist philosophy, among others, have appeared in a variety of philosophy journals and books. He is also the editor of Contemporary Japanese Philosophy: A Reader (forthcoming) and co-translator of and author of the introduction for Place and Dialectic: Two Essays by Nishida Kitarō (2011). He has translated other works from Japanese and German into English. He is Co-Editor for Social Imaginaries, Assistant Editor of The Journal of Japanese Philosophy, and the President of the International Association for Japanese Philosophy.



John C. Maraldo is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Distinguished Professor at the University of North Florida. He earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Munich with a dissertation on Der hermeneutische Zirkel: Untersuchungen zu Schleiermacher, Dilthey und Heidegger (1974, 1984), and then spent several years in Japan studying Japanese philosophy and Zen Buddhism. He has been a guest professor at the University of Kyoto and the Catholic University in Leuven, and, in 2008–09, held the Roche Chair in Interreligious Research at Nanzan University, Nagoya, Japan. His interests include Japanese and comparative philosophy, phenomenology and hermeneutics, Buddhist notions of history and of practice, and the sense and significance of non-Western philosophy. He is the co-author of a translation and study of Heidegger: The Piety of Thinking (1976) and is co-editor of Buddhism in the Modern World (1976), Rude Awakenings: Zen, the Kyoto School, & the Question of Nationalism (1994), and Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook (2011). His volume of essays, Japanese Philosophy in the Making 1: Crossing Paths with Nishida, appeared with Chisokudō Publications in 2017.



Graham Mayeda is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law, Common Law Section of the University of Ottawa, Canada. He completed his PhD on Watsuji Tetsurō, Kuki Shūzō, and Martin Heidegger at the University of Toronto. He has an interest in contemporary Japanese philosophy, phenomenological ethics, political philosophy, and legal philosophy. He is the author of Time, Space, and Ethics in the Thought of Watsuji Tetsurō, Kuki Shūzō, and Martin Heidegger (2006) as well as of numerous articles on law and on Japanese philosophy.



Erin McCarthy is Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department at St. Lawrence University, where she has taught since 2000. She teaches Asian, feminist, continental, and comparative philosophies in the Philosophy Department, Gender and Sexuality Studies Program, and the Asian Studies Program. Author of the book Ethics Embodied: Rethinking Selfhood through Continental, Japanese and Feminist Philosophies (2010), her work has been published in several anthologies and journals in both French and English, and she regularly presents her scholarship both nationally and internationally. She was an inaugural recipient of the Frederick P. Lenz Foundation Residential Fellowship for Buddhist Studies and American Culture and Values at Naropa University in 2009. Dr. McCarthy sits on the editorial boards of the journals Comparative and Continental Philosophy, The Journal of Japanese Philosophy, Body and Religion, and she is Co-editor of the ASIANetwork Exchange: A Journal for Asian Studies in the Liberal Arts. (p. xxii) She has also served as Chair of the Board of Directors of ASIANetwork (a consortium of more than 170 North American colleges). In addition to her research in comparative feminist philosophy, she also writes on contemplative education.



Mara Miller professor of philosophy and Japanese art and literature, teaches at the University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa and is a Visiting Scholar at their Center for Biographical Research. She is the author of The Garden as an Art (SUNY Press), Terrible Knowledge (reflections on the atomic bombings, forthcoming), and six dozen articles on feminist, Asian, and environmental philosophy; aesthetics; and selfhood, in The Monist, Philosophy and Literature, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, and Oxford’s Encyclopedia of Aesthetics and Handbooks of World and Japanese Philosophy. Miller was a fellow at the University of Canterbury, the Folger Library, and Rutgers University’s Center for Historical Analysis. Her doctorate, in philosophy, is from Yale University.



Minobe Hitoshi is Professor at Meiji University in Tokyo, Japan. He received his PhD from Kyoto University with a dissertation on Fichte after studying for two years in Wuppertal, Germany, on a DAAD scholarship. His research focuses on German Idealism and on the Kyoto School. He has published numerous articles in these areas, including “Shinichi Hisamatsu – Die Philosophie des Erwachens” (2004) and “Die Stellung des Seins bei Fichte, Schelling und Nishida” (2003), and he is the editor of Hisamatsu Shin’ichi’s Kaku no tetsugaku [Philosophy of Awakening] (2002).



Mori Tetsurō is Professor of Philosophy and Religion at Kyoto Sangyo University in Japan. After studying at Kyoto University in Japan and Tübingen University in Germany, he was an assistant to Ueda Shizuteru at Kyoto University for three years before taking a position at Kyoto Sangyo University in 1990. His research focuses on German Idealism, especially Schelling; on Zen Buddhism; and on modern Japanese philosophy, especially Nishida Kitarō and Nishitani Keiji. His publications include numerous articles, the edited volume Sekai-shi no riron: Kyōto-gakuha no rekishi tetsugaku ronkō [Theories of World History: The Kyoto School’s Treatises on the Philosophy of History] (2000), and the coedited volumes Keiken to kotoba [Experience and Language] (1995) and Zen to Kyōto tetsugaku [Zen and Kyoto Philosophy] (2006).



Shigenori Nagatomo received a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Hawaiʻi in 1985, where he studied comparative philosophy focusing on Asian and European traditions. He has been interested in the mind–body problem, with a particular emphasis on Yogic, Buddhist (Zen), and Daoist meditation methods, and he supplements these with Jungian psychology and research on ki-energy. He is the co-author of Science and Comparative Philosophy (with David E. Shaner and Yuasa Yasuo, 1989), and author of Attunement Through the Body (1992), A Philosophical Investigation of Miki Kiyoshi’s Concept of Humanism (1995), and The Diamondsūtra’s Logic of Not and a Critique of Katz’s Contextualism: Toward a Non-dualist Philosophy (2006). He has also translated many books, including Yuasa Yasuo’s The Body: Toward an Eastern Mind Body Theory (with Thomas P. Kasulis, 1987); Yuasa Yasuo’s The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy (with Monte Hull, 1993); Yuasa Yasuo’s Overcoming Modernity: Synchronicity and Image-Thinking (p. xxiii) (with John Krummel, 2009); Nishida Kitarō’s Place and Dialectic: Two Essays of Nishida Kitarō (with John Krummel, 2011); Hiroshi Motoyama’s The Buddha’s Satori (2010); and Hiroshi Motoyama’s Being and the Logic of Interactive Function (with John Krummel, 2009). He has been teaching for thirty years in the department of religion at Temple University where he is Professor of Comparative Philosophy and East Asian Buddhism.



Ōhashi Ryōsuke is a contemporary Japanese philosopher. After graduating from Kyoto University, he went on to receive his doctorate and later Habilitation from universities in Germany. He held several professorships in Japan, most recently at Osaka University and Ryūkoku University, and he was a guest professor at universities and institutes in Europe (in Germany: Cologne, Hildesheim, Hannover, Tübingen; in Austria: Vienna; in Switzerland: Basel). Currently, he is Director of the Japanese–German Cultural Institute in Kyoto. He is the author of numerous books on philosophy and aesthetics, including Ekstase und Gelassenheit: Zu Schelling und Heidegger (in Japanese and German); Zeitlichkeitsanalyse der Hegelschen Logik: Zur Idee einer Phänomenologie des Ortes (in Japanese and German); Kire: Das “Schöne” in Japan (in Japanese and German); Nihon-tekina mono, Yōroppa-tekina mono [Things Japanese and Things European]; Nishida-tetsugaku no sekai [The World of Nishida Philosophy]; and Japan im interkulturellen Dialog; and Phänomenologie der Compassion (in Japanese and German). He is a co-editor of the Japanese complete works of Heidegger and is editor of such works as Kyōtogakuha no shisō [The Thought of the Kyoto School], Die Philosophie der Kyōto-Schule and Heidegger wo manabu hito no tame ni [For Students of the Philosophy of Heidegger].



Graham Parkes was born and raised in Glasgow, Scotland. He taught Asian and comparative philosophy for thirty years at the University of Hawaiʻi before moving to University College Cork, in Ireland, where he founded the Irish Institute for Japanese Studies. He is now Professorial Research Fellow at the University of Vienna. Among his publications are Heidegger and Asian Thought (ed., 1987), Nietzsche and Asian Thought (ed., 1991), Composing the Soul: Reaches of Nietzsche’s Psychology (1994), and translations (with commentaries) of Detlet Lauf’s Secret Doctrines of the Tibetan Books of the Dead (1974), Nishitani Keiji’s The Self-Overcoming of Nihilism (1990), Reinhard May’s Heidegger’s Hidden Sources: East-Asian Influences on His Work (1996), François Berthier’s Reading Zen in the Rocks: The Japanese Dry Landscape Garden (2000), and Friedrich Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra (2005). He is also the author of more than a hundred journal articles and book chapters on topics in Chinese, Japanese, and European philosophies. He recently is finished a book with the working title Coping with Global Warming: A Philosophical Approach to Ousting the Obstructors, Reforming Democracy, Cooperating with China, and Enjoying Better Lives.



Paul L. Swanson is a Permanent Research Fellow at the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture in Nagoya, Japan, where he is editor of the Japanese Journal of Religious Studies. He has a PhD in Buddhist Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. His major fields of research include Shugendō, a Japanese mountain religion, and the textual and philosophical study of the Buddhist Tiantai/Tendai tradition. His (p. xxiv) publications include Foundations of T’ien-t’ai Philosophy (1989); Pruning the Bodhi Tree (co-edited with Jamie Hubbard, 1997); Nanzan Guide to Japanese Religions (co-edited with Clark Chilson, 2006); an annotated translation of the complete Mohe zhiguan (Jpn. Makashikan), one of the most important texts of the Tiantai tradition (2017); and In Search of Clarity: Essays on Translation and Tiantai Buddhism (2018).



Tani Tōru was born in 1954. He studied Philosophy at Keiō University in Tokyo and completed a doctoral course there in 1985. He was awarded a PhD from Tōhoku University in 1998. He taught Philosophy at various colleges and universities in Japan and has been Professor of Philosophy at Ritsumeikan University in Kyoto since 2003. His main research interests are the phenomenology of nature and the phenomenology of interculturality. Major books in Japanese are Ishiki no shizen [Physis of Consciousness] (1998), a systematic and encyclopedic study of Husserl’s phenomenology and its subsequent development; and Kore ga genshōgaku da [This Is Phenomenology] (2002), an introduction to phenomenology. He is also the author of numerous articles in foreign languages, including English-language papers such as “Beyond Individuality, This Side of Totality,” in Phenomenological Approaches to Moral Philosophy (2002), and “Reading and Rereading the Ideen in Japan,” in Husserl’s Ideen (2013). He is the founder and present leader of the Research Center for Intercultural Phenomenology at Ritsumeikan University (2008~).



Terao Kazuyoshi was born in Osaka, Japan, and graduated from Waseda University in Tokyo. He received a doctoral degree in theology from Nanzan University in Nagoya. He currently holds a post as Professor at St. Catherine University in Matsuyama, and he is a research associate of the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture in Nagoya. He has authored numerous academic essays on theology, religion, and philosophical anthropology, among them “The Hermeneutical Advance from Existential Communion to the Consolation of the Spirit of the Dead: Tanabe Hajime and Kimura Hisao” (in Japanese, 2007).



John A. Tucker is Professor of History at East Carolina University. He completed his doctoral degree at Columbia University under the direction of Wm. Theodore de Bary, with guidance from Wing-tsit Chan and faculty and students participating in the Columbia Neo-Confucian seminar. Earlier, he completed two MA’s at the University of Hawaiʻi, one in Asian philosophy and the other in Asian history. He has conducted research at the Institute for Research in the Humanities at Kyoto University, the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences at Taiwan National University, and the Institute for Religion and Culture at Nanzan University. He is author of Itō Jinsai’s Gomō jigi and the Philosophical Definition of Early-Modern Japan (1998), Ogyū Sorai’s Philosophical Masterworks: The Bendō and Benmei (2006), and editor of the four-volume anthology, Critical Readings in Japanese Confucianism (2013). He is coeditor of another volume, with Huang Chun-chieh of National Taiwan University, Dao Companion to Japanese Confucian Philosophy, published by Springer.



(p. xxv) Mark Unno is Associate Professor of East Asian Buddhism, Department of Religious Studies, University of Oregon. His research specializations include Classical Japanese Buddhism, Comparative Religion, and Buddhism and Psychotherapy. He is the author of Shingon Refractions: Myōe and the Mantra of Light (2004) and editor of Buddhism and Psychotherapy Across Cultures (2006), as well as of articles on Zen and Pure Land Buddhism, comparative religious thought, and Buddhism and depth psychology. He is the recipient of the Thomas F. Herman Faculty Achievement Award for Distinguished Teaching.



Yamasaki Kōji is Associate Professor at the Center for Ainu and Indigenous Studies, Hokkaido University. He is co-curator of the 2009 exhibit Teetasinrit Tekrukoci: The Handprints of Our Ancestors: Ainu Artifacts Housed at Hokkaido University and co-author of the catalogue. He specializes in cultural anthropology and museum studies. His research in collaboration with the Ainu people focuses on modern meanings and uses of museum materials.



Michiko Yusa PhD, is Professor of Japanese Thought and Intercultural Philosophy at Western Washington University. She received a BA from International Christian University in Tokyo and a PhD from the University of California at Santa Barbara with a dissertation entitled Persona Originalis: Jinkaku and Personne According to the Philosophies of Nishida Kitarō and Jacques Maritain (1983), written under the guidance of Raimon Panikkar. Her field of research extends from Nishida’s philosophy to aesthetics and women’s spirituality, and, more recently, female philosophers. Her other interests include music and the study of languages. Among her numerous publications are Zen and Philosophy: An Intellectual Biography of Nishida Kitarō (2002), Denki Nishida Kitarō [A Biography of Nishida Kitarō] (1998), Basic Kanji (1989), and The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Contemporary Japanese Philosophy (ed., 2017). Her Japanese Religious Traditions (2002) has been translated into several languages.



Brook Ziporyn is Professor of Chinese Philosophy, Religion and Comparative Thought at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. His research interests focus on Chinese Buddhism, especially the Tiantai tradition, as well as philosophical traditions within Classical Confucian and Daoist thought. His publications include Evil and/or/as the Good: Omnicentrism, Intersubjectivity and Value Paradox in Tiantai Buddhist Thought (2000), The Penumbra Unbound: The Neo-Taoist Philosophy of Guo Xiang (2003), Being and Ambiguity: Philosophical Experiments with Tiantai Buddhism (2004), Zhuangzi: The Essential Writings, with Selections from Traditional Commentaries (2009), Ironies of Oneness and Difference (2011), Beyond Oneness and Difference (2013), and Emptiness and Omnipresence: An Essential Introduction to Tiantai Buddhism (2016).



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