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date: 03 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Japanese Christianity’s encounter with and response to Western philosophy, blossoming after World War II falls into roughly seven stages: (1) Mukyōkai (or No-church) Christian philosophies developed in tandem with democratic thinking on politics and economics; (2) Christian philosophies developed via classical philology and limited to liberal arts departments in national universities; (3) Marxist and socialist Christian philosophies growing out ofa humanistic harmonization of Christianity and leftist thinking; (4) Christian philosophies of religion seeking to integrate Kantian philosophy and Christian anthropology; (5) Christian philosophies in a Buddhist key influenced by the philosophies of Nishida Kitarō and Takizawa Katsumi; (6) Generative Christian philosophies stimulated by the antiontological strain in Hebrew thinking and vigorous criticism of the modern West; and (7) Popular Christian philosophy focused on basic issues of Japanese life. These “intellectual experiments” undertaken by Japanese Christian philosophers form an important chapter in the ongoing quest for a truly World Christianity.

Keywords: Mukyōkai, Classical philology, Marxism and socialism, Buddhist-Christian dialogue, generative Christian philosophy, Christian anthropology, modernity, theology, Kant, Hegel

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