- Copyright Page
- Introduction: What Is Japanese Philosophy?
- Prince Shōtoku’s <i>Constitution</i> and the Synthetic Nature of Japanese Thought
- Philosophical Implications of Shintō
- National Learning: Poetic Emotionalism and Nostalgic Nationalism
- Saichō’s Tendai: In the Middle of Form and Emptiness
- Kūkai’s Shingon: Embodiment of Emptiness
- Philosophical Dimensions of Shinran’s Pure Land Buddhist Path
- Modern Pure Land Thinkers: Kiyozawa Manshi and Soga Ryōjin
- The Philosophy of Zen Master Dōgen: Egoless Perspectivism
- Dōgen on the Language of Creative Textual Hermeneutics
- Rinzai Zen Kōan Training: Philosophical Intersections
- Modern Zen Thinkers: D. T. Suzuki, Hisamatsu Shin’ichi, and Masao Abe
- Japanese Neo-Confucian Philosophy
- Ancient Learning: The Japanese Revival of Classical Confucianism
- <i>Bushidō</i> and Philosophy: Parting the Clouds, Seeking the Way
- The Japanese Encounter with and Appropriation of Western Philosophy
- Watsuji Tetsurō: The Mutuality of Climate and Culture and an Ethics of Betweenness
- Kuki Shūzō: A Phenomenology of Fate and Chance and an Aesthetics of the Floating World
- Comparative Philosophy in Japan: Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko
- Japanese Christian Philosophies
- Yuasa Yasuo’s Philosophy of Self-Cultivation: A Theory of Embodiment
- Postwar Japanese Political Philosophy: Marxism, Liberalism, and the Quest for Autonomy
- Raichō: Zen and the Female Body in the Development of Japanese Feminist Philosophy
- Japanese Phenomenology
- The Komaba Quartet: A Landscape of Japanese Philosophy in the 1970s
- Philosophical Implications of the Japanese Language
- Natural Freedom: Human/Nature Nondualism in Zen and Japanese Thought
- Japanese Ethics
- Japanese (and Ainu) Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
- The Controversial Cultural Identity of Japanese Philosophy
Abstract and Keywords
Japanese Christianity’s encounter with and response to Western philosophy, blossoming after World War II falls into roughly seven stages: (1) Mukyōkai (or No-church) Christian philosophies developed in tandem with democratic thinking on politics and economics; (2) Christian philosophies developed via classical philology and limited to liberal arts departments in national universities; (3) Marxist and socialist Christian philosophies growing out ofa humanistic harmonization of Christianity and leftist thinking; (4) Christian philosophies of religion seeking to integrate Kantian philosophy and Christian anthropology; (5) Christian philosophies in a Buddhist key influenced by the philosophies of Nishida Kitarō and Takizawa Katsumi; (6) Generative Christian philosophies stimulated by the antiontological strain in Hebrew thinking and vigorous criticism of the modern West; and (7) Popular Christian philosophy focused on basic issues of Japanese life. These “intellectual experiments” undertaken by Japanese Christian philosophers form an important chapter in the ongoing quest for a truly World Christianity.
TERAO Kazuyoshi was born in Osaka, Japan and graduated from Waseda University in Tokyo. He received a doctoral degree in theology from Nanzan University in Nagoya. He currently holds a post as professor at St. Catherine University in Matsuyama, and is a research associate of the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture in Nagoya. He has authored numerous academic essays on theology, religion, and philosophical anthropology, among them “The Hermeneutical Advance from Existential Communion to the Consolation of the Spirit of the Dead: Tanabe Hajime and Kimura Hisao” (in Japanese, 2007).
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