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date: 25 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter introduces the thought of Japan’s most significant and influential modern philosopher, Nishida Kitarō (1870–1945), by tracing its development through three major periods. The key concept of his early thought is “pure experience” (junsui keiken), which is said to precede the separation of subject and object. In his middle period, Nishida deals with the relation between direct experience and reflective thinking, resulting in his development of a logic of “place” (basho), which, in contrast to Aristotelian logic, seeks the underlying basis for judgments in the direction of the predicate rather than the grammatical subject. Nishida’s constant concern was to elucidate the most concrete experience of reality. In his later period, he rethinks this most fundamental level of experience, which he understands to be the basis for scientific knowledge as well as artistic creativity, in terms of “action-intuition” (kōi-teki chokkan).

Keywords: Nishida Kitarō, Bergson, Neo-Kantianism, Aristotle, Maine de Biran, subject–object dualism, pure experience, place (basho), predicative logic, action-intuition

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