Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The Lower Mississippi Valley (LMV) of North America was home to a linguistic area, or Sprachbund, on par with other well known linguistic areas around the world, such as the Balkans, South India, and the Pacific Northwest. Languages of the LMV Sprachbund included Siouan (Biloxi, Ofo) and Muskogean (Choctaw-Chickasaw) languages and four isolates (Atakapa, Chitimacha, Natchez, Tunica). These languages shared certain phonological, morphosyntactic, and lexicosemantic features. The LMV was also home to an indigenous pidgin, the Mobilian Trade Language, or Mobilian Jargon. For this chapter, I have examined grammars and vocabularies of these languages not only to identify the LMV as a Sprachbund but also to discern something about ancient trade and migration routes and patterns ca. 500–1700 CE.

Keywords: Mississippi Valley, Muskogean, Atakapa, Tunica, Chitimacha, Natchez, Ohio Valley Siouan

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.