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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the influence on Khmer, an Austroasiatic language which is the official language of Cambodia, of a range of languages. Some of these are contiguous, such as Thai and Vietnamese. Others have been brought into the Khmerosphere as a result of cultural influence, namely Sanskrit, Pali, arguably Malay, Cham and Mon, and latterly (since the nineteenth century) also French and English. Some of these languages, notably Vietnamese and Mon, are genealogically related to Khmer as well. This influence has mostly been lexical but has also exerted features of change upon Khmer structure, including elements in the morphological sphere.

Keywords: Khmer, Cambodian, Pali, Sanskrit, Malay, Thai, Lao, Mon, Vietnamese, Cham

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