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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter the linguistic contacts of Korean are examined from historical, sociocultural, and political perspectives. Contacts with Chinese, Japanese, and English have exerted the most powerful and extensive influences on Korean. Their strongest impact has been on the Korean lexicon due to the presence of extensive cultural borrowings, while changes in phonology, morphosyntax, and discourse styles are minor. The impact of Chinese upon Korean lexicon has, nonetheless, been immense. Other languages have exerted a smaller amount of influence upon the Korean lexicon in the last millennium of so.

Keywords: Samguk Sagi, Sino-Korean, Sino-Japanese, loanword, semantogram, synonymic clash, doublet, language purification, cultural borrowing, need-based/prestige-based borrowing

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