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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This section examines feminist perspectives on militarism and religious fundamentalisms. The first chapter argues that militarism privileges masculinity over femininity; promotes military values of aggression, violence, and unequivocal loyalty; and contributes to the construction of the patriarchal state. The chapter critically examines the use of gender, Orientalism, and race under US President George W. Bush to justify the “Wars on Terror” in Afghanistan and Iraq. The second chapter considers the changing dynamics of feminist engagement with religion, particularly how the West has employed religion to advance its global security and strategic agendas after 9/11, and reviews the debate between the American liberal feminists who supported the US-led military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq and the radical feminists who denounced them as forms of “cultural imperialism.” The third chapter explores the gendered impact of the “War on Terror” and “Wars of Terror” in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka.

Keywords: 9/11, cultural imperialism, gender, militarism, President George W. Bush, religious fundamentalisms, transnational feminist movement, United States, “War on Terror”

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