- The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Rethinking Knowledge, Power, and Social Change
- Transnational Feminist Activism and Movement Building
- Mapping Transnational Feminist Engagements: Neoliberalism and the Politics of Solidarity
- Critical Cartography, Theories, and Praxis of Transnational Feminisms
- The Camel’s Nose: Women Infiltrate the Development Project
- DAWN, the Third World Feminist Network: Upturning Hierarchies
- The “Warriors Within”: How Feminists Change Bureaucracies and Bureaucracies Change Feminists
- International Trends in Women’s Political Participation and Representation
- Owning and Disowning the Body: A Reflection
- Moving Toward Sexual and Reproductive Justice: A Transnational and Multigenerational Feminist Remix
- Human Trafficking, Globalization, and Transnational Feminist Responses
- Masculinities, “Profeminism,” and Feminism in Latin America
- Human Rights and Human Security: Feminists Contesting the Terrain
- CEDAW, Gender and Culture
- Feminist Strategies to End Violence Against Women
- Care and Social Reproduction: Some Reflections on Concepts, Policies and Politics from a Development Perspective
- Feminist Transnational Organizing on Gender and Trade: The Work of IGTN
- Gender-Responsive Budgeting
- Transformative Feminism in Tanzania: Animation and Grassroots Women’s Struggles for Land and Livelihoods
- Feminism and Democratic Struggles in Latin America
- Forging a New Political Imaginary: Transnational Southasian Feminisms
- From Chinese State Capitalism to Women’s Activism: The Implications of Economic Reforms for Women and the Evolution of Feminist Organizing
- Gendered Citizenship in the Postcolony: The Challenge for Transnational Feminist Politics
- Feminist Perspectives on Militarism and War: Critiques, Contradictions, and Collusions
- From Secular Reductionism to Religious Essentialism: Implications for the Gender Agenda
- South Asia’s Gendered “Wars on Terror”
- Demilitarizing the Global: Women’s Peace Movements and Transnational Networks
- UN Security Council Resolution 1325: A Feminist Transformative Agenda?
- Women in Postconflict Decision-Making: Change for the Better?
- Feminist Perspectives on State-Building
- Feminist Political Ecologies: Grounded, Networked and Rooted on Earth
- Climate Justice and Women’s Agency: Voicing Other Ways of Doing Things
- Women’s Transformative Organizing for Sustainable Livelihoods: Learning from Indian Experiences
- Digital Transformations of Transnational Feminism in Theory and Practice
- The Dialectics of Power and Powerlessness in Transnational Feminist Networks: Online Struggles Around Gender-based Violence
- Because I Am a Girl: The Emergence of Girls in Development
Abstract and Keywords
This section looks at transnational feminist movements’ organizing for change. The first chapter focuses on the evolution of the women in development (WID) approach that emerged from the United Nations economic development paradigm that promised “progress for all.” The chapter argues that in reality, the WID approach promoted male privilege and often negatively impacted women. The second chapter focuses on DAWN, the Third World feminist network— its emergence in the mid-1980s as a network of Southern feminist scholar-activists, organizations and institutions; development of a Southern feminist analysis and praxis; challenge to Northern feminism(s) at the Third World Conference on Women (Nairobi, 1985); and role in South-North alliance-building in the 1990s. The third chapter offers an insider’s view of feminist “warriors within” the UN system, discussing how they influence bureaucracies and vice versa, and the complexities of contesting patriarchy in international development institutions. The fourth chapter outlines the arguments and strategies to advance women’s political representation, focusing on political decision making, citing data on women’s representation in national parliaments from 1945 to 1913.
Keywords: DAWN, economic development, feminism, feminist “warriors within”, femocrat, organizing, patriarchy, political power, transnational feminist movements, United Nations, women in development, women’s political representation
Rawwida Baksh (Ph.D.) is an independent researcher, writer and policy adviser on gender equality, affiliated to the Institute of Gender and Development Studies, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. Formerly Head of Gender, Commonwealth Secretariat, London, UK; and Program Leader on Women’s Rights and Citizenship, International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Ottawa, Canada.
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