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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This section looks at transnational feminist movements’ organizing for change. The first chapter focuses on the evolution of the women in development (WID) approach that emerged from the United Nations economic development paradigm that promised “progress for all.” The chapter argues that in reality, the WID approach promoted male privilege and often negatively impacted women. The second chapter focuses on DAWN, the Third World feminist network— its emergence in the mid-1980s as a network of Southern feminist scholar-activists, organizations and institutions; development of a Southern feminist analysis and praxis; challenge to Northern feminism(s) at the Third World Conference on Women (Nairobi, 1985); and role in South-North alliance-building in the 1990s. The third chapter offers an insider’s view of feminist “warriors within” the UN system, discussing how they influence bureaucracies and vice versa, and the complexities of contesting patriarchy in international development institutions. The fourth chapter outlines the arguments and strategies to advance women’s political representation, focusing on political decision making, citing data on women’s representation in national parliaments from 1945 to 1913.

Keywords: DAWN, economic development, feminism, feminist “warriors within”, femocrat, organizing, patriarchy, political power, transnational feminist movements, United Nations, women in development, women’s political representation

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