- The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: Rethinking Knowledge, Power, and Social Change
- Transnational Feminist Activism and Movement Building
- Mapping Transnational Feminist Engagements: Neoliberalism and the Politics of Solidarity
- Critical Cartography, Theories, and Praxis of Transnational Feminisms
- The Camel’s Nose: Women Infiltrate the Development Project
- DAWN, the Third World Feminist Network: Upturning Hierarchies
- The “Warriors Within”: How Feminists Change Bureaucracies and Bureaucracies Change Feminists
- International Trends in Women’s Political Participation and Representation
- Owning and Disowning the Body: A Reflection
- Moving Toward Sexual and Reproductive Justice: A Transnational and Multigenerational Feminist Remix
- Human Trafficking, Globalization, and Transnational Feminist Responses
- Masculinities, “Profeminism,” and Feminism in Latin America
- Human Rights and Human Security: Feminists Contesting the Terrain
- CEDAW, Gender and Culture
- Feminist Strategies to End Violence Against Women
- Care and Social Reproduction: Some Reflections on Concepts, Policies and Politics from a Development Perspective
- Feminist Transnational Organizing on Gender and Trade: The Work of IGTN
- Gender-Responsive Budgeting
- Transformative Feminism in Tanzania: Animation and Grassroots Women’s Struggles for Land and Livelihoods
- Feminism and Democratic Struggles in Latin America
- Forging a New Political Imaginary: Transnational Southasian Feminisms
- From Chinese State Capitalism to Women’s Activism: The Implications of Economic Reforms for Women and the Evolution of Feminist Organizing
- Gendered Citizenship in the Postcolony: The Challenge for Transnational Feminist Politics
- Feminist Perspectives on Militarism and War: Critiques, Contradictions, and Collusions
- From Secular Reductionism to Religious Essentialism: Implications for the Gender Agenda
- South Asia’s Gendered “Wars on Terror”
- Demilitarizing the Global: Women’s Peace Movements and Transnational Networks
- UN Security Council Resolution 1325: A Feminist Transformative Agenda?
- Women in Postconflict Decision-Making: Change for the Better?
- Feminist Perspectives on State-Building
- Feminist Political Ecologies: Grounded, Networked and Rooted on Earth
- Climate Justice and Women’s Agency: Voicing Other Ways of Doing Things
- Women’s Transformative Organizing for Sustainable Livelihoods: Learning from Indian Experiences
- Digital Transformations of Transnational Feminism in Theory and Practice
- The Dialectics of Power and Powerlessness in Transnational Feminist Networks: Online Struggles Around Gender-based Violence
- Because I Am a Girl: The Emergence of Girls in Development
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter traces the emergence of girls as a distinct cohort of research, programming and activism within the field of international development. The historical achievements of the feminist movement are considered as contributing factors to bringing women’s and girls’ rights to the fore of the development agenda, as well as other global processes such as demographic trends. The pitfalls of the instrumentalist approach to investing in girls are examined concluding that a human rights approach is a more effective long-term approach as the former fails to adequately address deeper issues of gender inequality, which turns investment in girls into an economic fad. The new “girl agenda” is analyzed through a gender and development lens, seeking to uncover its impact on campaigning, programming, and girls themselves, who are increasingly owning this newly created space through new forms of communication and activism.
Sarah Hendriks is Global Gender Advisor, Plan International, Woking, UK.
Keshet Bachan is a girls’ empowerment and girls’ rights expert with over a decade of experience as a gender equality activist and scholar. She specializes in linking gender and ICT4D and promoting social good through social media. As a consultant she aims to increase knowledge production on girl’s empowerment in order to accelerate development goals and promote a nuanced discourse on gender equality. She led the production of the ‘Because I am a Girl: the State of the World’s Girls’ Report for over 6 years and holds an M.A. in Gender and Development from the London School of Economics.
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