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date: 25 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, based mainly on the work of TGNP Mtandao, as well as earlier experiences at the University of Dar es Salaam, explores the development and application of transformative feminism and animation/participatory action research by Tanzanian feminist activists at the grassroots and national levels. It begins with an exploration of transformative feminist theory that embraces gender and class analysis to challenge both patriarchy and neoliberalism. Next it examines the context of increasing plunder of national resources by large-scale investors, both domestic and foreign, who are appropriating land, water, forests, and minerals in a renewed form of primitive accumulation (often referred to as land grabbing). The analysis is illustrated through exploring local resistance, organizing, and networking in four different rural areas of Tanzania by grassroots activists working with TGNP Mtandao in 2010, 2012, and 2013.

Keywords: animation, neoliberalism, land grabbing, participatory action research, patriarchy, TGNP Mtandao

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