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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Advancing women’s rights, leadership, and voice in formal organizations has been a central plank of action platforms emerging from global and regional intergovernmental meetings on women’s empowerment and gender equality—often linked to the concomitant need for mainstream organizations to become more gender responsive. More feminists are entering these organizations as “warriors within” because of global and regional agreements to quotas, women’s and gender affairs offices, gender and equal opportunity units, and special rapporteurs on human rights issues. The chapter interrogates the ways, conditions, and extent to which these “femocrats” have been able to shift institutional cultures and outcomes and ways that bureaucratic systems have influenced the personal and political perspectives that define feminists. It advocates for feminists on the inside and out to reconceive the ways they recognize and support each other and to focus more intentionally on shifting the deep institutional structures that hold gender inequality in place.

Keywords: Beijing Platform for Action, feminist, femocrat, gender equality, United Nations, women’s rights

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