Abstract and Keywords
This chapter outlines the history of internationalization of European and US women’s antiwar movements since the nineteenth century, focusing on antiwar movements that emerged parallel to first wave feminism. It incorporates second wave feminism and traces the relationship between feminism and pacifism, referencing women’s involvement in anticolonial and anti-imperialist struggles in the global South. The chapter explores theoretical complexities of women’s antiwar, antimilitarism, and anti-imperialist positions in the global North since World War II and implications for solidarity in campaigning for and achieving gender equality. Tracing women’s transnational networks through first, second, and third wave feminism, it demonstrates that first wave feminist ideas have enduring validity and suffuse second and third wave feminism. All three feminisms play a role in antiwar theory and praxis. Economic globalization and the information environment have altered sites of power and resistance: new technologies enable feminist and women’s movements’ contributions to change through advocacy and mobilization.
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